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|1558/9||[EDWARD] AGLIONBY [I]|
|5 Jan. 1563||RICHARD ASSHETON|
|1571||ROBERT BOWES I|
|1576||THOMAS TALLENTYRE vice Mulcaster, deceased|
|30 Mar. 1579||THOMAS BARNE vice Tallentyre, deceased|
|1584||EDWARD AGLIONBY II 1|
|THOMAS BLENNERHASSETT 2|
|1587||WILLIAM BOWYER (?III) vice Macwilliam, deceased|
|21 Oct. 1588||HENRY SCROPE|
|EDWARD AGLIONBY II|
|27 Sept 1597||HENRY SCROPE|
|20 Oct. 1601||HENRY SCROPE|
|JOHN DUDLEY II|
According to an ordinance issued by the ‘commons’ of Carlisle in 1445 and confirmed by the charter of 1566, the city government was vested in the mayor and 11 other ‘worshipful persons’, who should choose 24 ‘able persons’ to join them in electing the mayor.
As a garrison town and the administrative centre of the west march, Carlisle had a small complement of wardenry officials, under the authority of the warden of the march, who himself resided in the castle there and exercised considerable influence over the town’s affairs. For all but the first five years of the reign the office of warden was filled by the Scropes of Bolton. Henry, 9th Lord Scrope, replaced William, 3rd Lord Dacre in 1563 and remained warden until his death in 1592, when his son Thomas succeeded him.
The patronage of the wardens is evident in most of the Elizabethan elections. In only two Parliaments, those of 1572 and 1584, were all the Members—including the two chosen at by-elections in 1576 and 1579—of local families and conceivably elected independently of the warden or with no more than nominal reference to him: Thomas Pattenson (1572), Robert Mulcaster (1572), Thomas Tallentyre (1576), Thomas Barne (1579), Edward Aglionby II (1584, also 1593), and Thomas Blennerhassett (1584, also 1586). Other local men who represented Carlisle were William Mulcaster (1563) and his son Richard (1559). Richard was resident in London at the time of his election but his father’s standing as citizen and city official no doubt accounts for his return. John Dalston (1589) lived at Dalston Hall, three miles from Carlisle, and was no doubt acceptable to both the city and the warden as a local gentleman, j.p. and former sheriff of the county.
In all the Parliaments except 1572 and 1584 the senior Member was an outsider. The senior MP in 1559 has not been definitely identified as his first name is unknown, but he was probably Edward Aglionby I of Balsall, Warwickshire, who had represented the city in the previous period. The remaining MPs all owed their returns to the lord wardens. Richard Assheton (1563) was a Lancashire country gentleman and receiver in the northern counties. Robert Bowes I (1571) had served under Lord Scrope during the northern rebellion, and their families were related. Christopher Musgrave (1571) was connected with Lord Scrope through his father, Sir Simon Musgrave. Henry Macwilliam (1586), who had married the widowed Lady Cheke and was a gentleman pensioner, no doubt owed his seat