Carlisle

Borough

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Elections

DateCandidate
1558/9[EDWARD] AGLIONBY [I]
 RICHARD MULCASTER
5 Jan. 1563RICHARD ASSHETON
 WILLIAM MULCASTER
1571ROBERT BOWES I
 CHRISTOPHER MUSGRAVE
1572THOMAS PATTENSON
 ROBERT MULCASTER
1576THOMAS TALLENTYRE vice Mulcaster, deceased
30 Mar. 1579THOMAS BARNE vice Tallentyre, deceased
1584EDWARD AGLIONBY II 1
 THOMAS BLENNERHASSETT 2
1586HENRY MACWILLIAM
 THOMAS BLENNERHASSETT
1587WILLIAM BOWYER (?III) vice Macwilliam, deceased
21 Oct. 1588HENRY SCROPE
 JOHN DALSTON
1593HENRY SCROPE
 EDWARD AGLIONBY II
27 Sept 1597HENRY SCROPE
 THOMAS SANDFORD
20 Oct. 1601HENRY SCROPE
 JOHN DUDLEY II

Main Article

According to an ordinance issued by the ‘commons’ of Carlisle in 1445 and confirmed by the charter of 1566, the city government was vested in the mayor and 11 other ‘worshipful persons’, who should choose 24 ‘able persons’ to join them in electing the mayor.

As a garrison town and the administrative centre of the west march, Carlisle had a small complement of wardenry officials, under the authority of the warden of the march, who himself resided in the castle there and exercised considerable influence over the town’s affairs. For all but the first five years of the reign the office of warden was filled by the Scropes of Bolton. Henry, 9th Lord Scrope, replaced William, 3rd Lord Dacre in 1563 and remained warden until his death in 1592, when his son Thomas succeeded him.

The patronage of the wardens is evident in most of the Elizabethan elections. In only two Parliaments, those of 1572 and 1584, were all the Members—including the two chosen at by-elections in 1576 and 1579—of local families and conceivably elected independently of the warden or with no more than nominal reference to him: Thomas Pattenson (1572), Robert Mulcaster (1572), Thomas Tallentyre (1576), Thomas Barne (1579), Edward Aglionb