Cumberland

County

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Elections

DateCandidate
1558/9LEONARD DACRE 1
 WILLIAM MUSGRAVE 2
5 Jan. 1563LEONARD DACRE
 HENRY CURWEN
1571SIR HENRY PERCY
 SIR SIMON MUSGRAVE
9 Apr. 1571 (new writ)[unknown] vice Percy, chose to sit for Northumberland3
1572SIR SIMON MUSGRAVE
 EDWARD SCROPE
4 Nov. 1580(SIR) THOMAS BOYNTON 4 poss. vice Scrope, deceased
1584THOMAS SCROPE 5
 ROBERT BOWES I 6
1586ROBERT BOWES I
 HENRY LEIGH
1588/9(SIR) THOMAS SCROPE
 ROBERT BOWES I
1593NICHOLAS CURWEN
 WILFRED LAWSON
27 Sept 1597JOSEPH PENNINGTON
 CHRISTOPHER PICKERING
20 Oct. 1601WILLIAM HUDDLESTON
 GERARD LOWTHER II

Main Article

The Dacre family monopolized the Cumberland county seats in the first Parliament of Elizabeth’s reign. William, 3rd Lord Dacre, was the father of Leonard Dacre, the senior knight of the shire and the maternal grandfather of William Musgrave of Hayton, the junior knight of the shire. Leonard Dacre took the senior seat again in 1563 when he was accompanied to Parliament by Henry Curwen of Workington, the head of a family which had represented Cumberland in Parliament since the fourteenth century. Curwen’s son and heir Nicholas took the senior county seat in 1593, although he had not yet succeeded to his estates. Sir Henry Percy of Tynemouth and Norham castles, Northumberland, had a particular reason for wishing to sit in the 1571 Parliament, because the question of his succession to the titles of Earl of Northumberland and Baron Percy was due to be discussed. He therefore canvassed in Northumberland as well as in Cumberland, was returned for both counties, and chose Northumberland. Although a new writ was issued on 9 Apr. 1571 for the election of another Member for Cumberland, no more of t