Published in 1970
Between 1715 and 1754 the House of Commons consisted of 558 Members, elected by 314 constituencies. The 245 English constituencies (40 counties, 203 boroughs, 2 universities) returned 489 Members; the 24 Welsh constituencies and 45 Scottish constituencies returned one Member each. The constituencies and contested elections are listed in a section in the Introductory Survey.
The franchise in the counties was the ancient 40 shilling freeholder franchise: the vote belonged to those with freehold property worth £2 or more. In the boroughs, the widest franchise lay in the inhabitant householder or 'potwalloper' boroughs, where all resident householders not in receipt of alms or poor relief were able to vote. The largest group of boroughs was the freeman boroughs, where the right of voting lay in the freemen of the town. In the scot and lot boroughs, the r