URQUHART, Alexander (d.1727), of Newhall, Ross.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1715-1754, ed. R. Sedgwick, 1970
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1715 - 1722
1722 - 1727

Family and Education

1st s. of John Urquhart of Newhall by Jean, da. of Colin Mackenzie of Redcastle, Ross; bro.-in-law of Sir Kenneth Mackenzie, M.P. [S], of Scatwell, Ross. m. Anna, da. of Col. Thomas Hamilton of Olivestob, Haddington, 1s. 1da. suc. fa. by 1715.

Offices Held

Ensign 15 Ft. 1708; capt. Stanwix’s Ft. 1710; half-pay 1714.


Though returned for Cromartyshire on the recommendation of the Duke of Montrose, the secretary of state for Scotland, and classed as a Whig in 1715,1 Urquhart was a Tory, voting against the Administration in all recorded divisions. Professing ‘great zeal’ for the Pretender’s service, ‘he found means to be well known to the Earl of Sunderland’, for whom he acted as an intermediary with the Jacobites. When in March 1721 Sunderland was threatened with impeachment for his part in the South Sea bubble, he gave Urquhart

full power to assure the Tories that if they would be his friends in keeping off the impeachment his enemies design against him, he would order things to their desire ... that the House of Commons shall be entirely of their own making so that the Tories shall have a way open for England to do the thing [a restoration] herself, and if the Tories do not make use of the opportunity, ’twill be none of Lord Sunderland’s fault.

When the case came before Parliament in April ‘as many of the Tories joined Lord Sunderland as saved him’. In August Sunderland sent Urquhart to Scotland, where he applied to leading Jacobites, ‘endeavouring ... to give us a good impression of Sunderland’s designs, that we might ... influence the Tories to favour his interest at the election of the new Parliament’. In reply to inquiries whether these overtures should be accepted, the Pretender wrote to his friends: ‘I am satisfied Captain Urquhart is a sincere well-wisher of mine’, but advised them against trusting Sunderland too far. He also gave Urquhart a commission as lieutenant-colonel in January 1722.3 After Sunderland’s deat