TENCH, Fisher (?1673-1736), of Low Leyton, Essex.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1715-1754, ed. R. Sedgwick, 1970
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1713 - 20 Apr. 1714
3 May 1714 - 1722

Family and Education

b. ?1673, o. surv. s. of Nathaniel Tench, merchant, of Fenchurch St., London, and Low Leyton, gov. of Bank of England 1699-1701, by Anne, da. of William Fisher, alderman of London, sis. and h. to her bro. Thomas Fisher. educ. Sidney Sussex, Camb. 22 July 1690, aged 17; I. Temple 1690. m.in or bef. 1697, Elizabeth, da. of Robert Bird of Staple Inn, 5s. 4da. suc. fa. 1710; cr. Bt. 8 Aug. 1715.

Offices Held

Sheriff, Essex 1711-12.

Director, South Sea Co. 1715-18.


Tench inherited an estate at Low Leyton in Essex, where he built himself a fine house designed by Inigo Jones and decorated by Sir James Thornhill. Returned unopposed for Southwark as a Whig in 1715, and created a baronet by George I six months later, he voted for the septennial bill in 1716 but against the Government on Lord Cadogan in 1717. As a director of the South Sea Company he defended the response of the Company in May 1717 to Walpole’s scheme for reducing the interest on the national debt. On 22 Jan. 1719 he applied to James Craggs for lottery tickets, explaining that

I ask not one for myself but for the principal persons in my borough, who as they were hearty friends to me on my election, so are now the most zealous for the present establishment.1

In that year he voted for the repeal of the Occasional Conformity and Schism Acts and the peerage bill. He was defeated for Southwark in 1722, and again at a by-election in 1724.

In 1725, Tench was appointed one of the managers of the Charitable Corporation,2 of which his second son, William, became cashier. When in 1732 Samuel Sandys, the chairman of the select committee set up to investigate the Corporation’s affairs, ‘passed over’ Tench as ‘not justly to be censured’, the 1st Lord Egmont remarked that although Tench left the Corporation when he found evidence of irregularities he ‘suffered his son to remain cashier till his death [in 1731] who was guilty of frauds’, and that he must have known ‘of his son’s roguery, because he affirmed in a gentleman’s hearing that his son’s employment as cashier was worth him £600 a year, though his salary was but £150; and further that Robinson [George] gave his son £100 a year, which could not be but that he might abet Robinson in his rogueries’.3He did not stand again, and died 31 Oct. 1736.

Ref Volumes: 1715-1754

Author: Eveline Cruickshanks


  • 1. Stowe 246, f.210.
  • 2. See BOND, Denis, and SUTTON, Sir Robert.
  • 3. HMC Egmont Diary i. 270.