TOWNSHEND, Sir Horatio, 3rd Bt. (1630-87), of Raynham, Norf.
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Family and Education
bap. 16 Dec. 1630, 2nd s. of Sir Roger Townshend, 1st Bt.†, (d.1636) of Raynham by Mary, da. and coh. of Horace, 1st Baron Vere of Tilbury. educ. St. John’s, Camb. 1644; travelled abroad (Italy and Switzerland) 1646-8. m. (1) bef. 13 Apr. 1649, Mary (bur. 22 May 1673), da. and h. of Edward Lewkenor of Denham, Suff., s.p.; (2) 27 Nov. 1673 (with £8,000), Mary (d. 17 Dec. 1685), da. of Sir Joseph Ashe, 1st Bt., of Twickenham, Mdx., 3s. suc. bro. bef. 13 July 1648; cr. Baron Townshend of Lynn Regis 20 Apr. 1661, Visct. Townshend of Raynham 2 Dec. 1682.
Commr. for militia, Norf. 1648, 1649, Mar. 1660, assessment 1649-52, 1657, Jan. 1660-1, j.p. 1652-76, ?1682-d.; gov. of King’s Lynn Mar. 1660; commr. for oyer and terminer, Norfolk circuit July 1660; dep. lt. Norf. c. Aug. 1660-1, 1680-d., col. of militia horse Apr. 1660-76, ld. lt. 1661-76, commr. for corporations 1662-3; v.-adm. 1663-76; asst. R. Fishing Co. 1664; high steward, King’s Lynn 1664-84; alderman, Thetford by 1669-?82.1
Councillor of State May-Dec. 1659.
Col. of ft. 1667.
Townshend’s ancestors had been at Raynham since the end of the 14th century, but the founder of the family fortunes was Sir Roger Townshend, an eminent lawyer who sat for Bramber in 1467, and greatly enlarged the estates. One of the largest landowners in the county, Townshend inherited, with his father’s new mansion, 30 manors and three lordships in Norfolk, besides valuable property in Essex. During the Interregnum he held local office and sat in two Protectorate Parliaments, but by 1659 he had become one of the most influential Presbyterians working for a restoration. He delivered a letter from Charles II to his cousin, the 3rd Lord Fairfax (