SHERARD, Hon. Philip (1623-95), of Whissendine, Rutland.
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Family and Education
bap. 17 Nov. 1623, 2nd s. of William, 1st Baron Sherard of Leitrim [I]; bro. of Bennet Sherard, 2nd Baron Sherard. educ. St. John’s, Oxf. 1639; travelled abroad (Italy) 1641; Padua 1642. m. c.1645, Margaret, da. of Sir Thomas Denton of Hillesden, Bucks., wid. of John Pulteney of Misterton, Leics., and of Hon. William Eure of Old Malton, Yorks., 3s. 1da.1
Commr. for militia, Rutland Mar. 1660, capt. of militia horse Apr. 1660, j.p. July 1660-82, 1689-d., dep. lt. Rutland c. Aug. 1660-82, 1690-d., Leics. 1667-?82; commr. for assessment, Rutland Aug. 1660-80, Glos. and Leics. 1661-3, 1664-80, 1689-90, loyal and indigent officers 1662, enclosures, Deeping fen 1665, recusants, Oxon. 1675.3
Sherard went abroad with his brother shortly before the Civil War, and took service in the Dutch army, in which he rose to the rank of captain. In 1645 he married the widow of a Cavalier colonel and converted her to Protestantism. A lover of field sports, he settled on a Rutland estate which had been in the family since the 15th century. Unlike his brother, he held no local office until the eve of the Restoration, and was listed by Roger Whitley as a Royalist.4
Sherard’s brother-in-law wrote on 14 Mar. 1660 that the gentry of Rutland were ‘resolved’ on him both as militia officer and knight of the shire. He was duly elected, and doubtless voted with the court party, but he was not active in the Convention. He was appointed to the committee of elections and privileges and five others. On 10 May he brought a message from the Lords about the instructions for the messengers to the King. He presented the loyal address from his county on the Restoration, and obtained a temporary commission in a Commonwealth regiment, which Sir Ralph Verney commented was not worth much. He was given leave to go to his regiment on 29 June, but had returned by the beginning of August, when his name appears on a private bill committee. After the recess he helped to consider the marital separation bill and the bill for draining the fens.5<