MONTAGU, Edward I (1625-72), of Hinchingbrooke, Hunts.
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Family and Education
b. 27 July 1625, 2nd but o. surv. s. of Sir Sidney Montagu† of Hinchingbrooke by 1st w. Paulina, da. of John Pepys of Cottenham, Cambs. educ. M. Temple, entered 1635. m. 7 Nov. 1642, Jemima, da. of John Crew of Stene, Northants. (later 1st Baron Crew), 6s. 4da. suc. fa. 1644; KG 26 May 1660; cr. Earl of Sandwich 12 July 1660.
Commr. for eastern assoc. Hunts. 1642, assessment 1643-52, 1657, sequestration 1643, levying of money 1643, new model ordinance 1645, militia 1648, Mar. 1660, j.p. by 1650-9, Mar. 1660-d., custos rot. 1653-9, Aug. 1660-d.; commr. for scandalous ministers, Cambs. and Hunts. 1654; freeman, Dover Apr. 1660, Portsmouth 1661; commr. for oyer and terminer, Norfolk circuit July 1660, sewers, Lincs. Aug. 1660; jt. ld. lt. Hunts. c. Aug. 1660-d.; recorder, Huntingdon 1663-d.
Col. of ft. (parliamentary) 1643-5, horse 1658-9; gov. Henley 1645; jt. gen.-at-sea 1656-9, Feb.-May 1660; adm. 1661-d.
Councillor of State 1653-9, pres. 1653; commr. of Treasury 1654-9, June-Sept. 1660, trade 1655-7, Nov. 1660-d., Admiralty 1655-9, Mar.-July 1660; co-patentee of ballastage 1657-8; plenip. at the Sound 1659; PC June 1660-d.; master of the great wardrobe June 1660-70; elder bro. Trinity House June 1660-d., warden June 1660-1, master 1661-2; member, R. Adventurers into Africa Dec. 1660, asst. 1664-6, 1669-71; master of the swans 1661-d.; ambassador to Portugal 1661-2, 1666, Spain 1666-8; member, R. Fishing Co. 1664; pres. committee for plantations 1670-d.
The career of Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich, is well known. Although his father, from whom he inherited the former priory of Hinchingbrooke and an estate of £2,000 p.a., had been a Royalist, Montagu himself supported Parliament in the Civil War, perhaps influenced by his cousin, the 2nd Earl of Manchester, and his father-in-law, John Crew. He commanded a regiment of foot in the first Civil War, but took no part in the second, and did not sit in Parliament after Pride’s Purge. He was, however, a strong Cromwellian, serving on the Council of State and in the navy, and in 1658 he took his seat in the ‘Other House’. It was only after the fall of Richard Cromwell that he became receptive to the royalist overtures conveyed through his cousin, the