BERKELEY, Sir Charles III (1649-1710), of Berkeley Castle, Glos.
Available from Boydell and Brewer
Family and Education
b. 8 Apr. 1649, 1st s. of George Berkeley, 9th Lord Berkeley, by Elizabeth, da. and coh. of John Massingberd, Skinner, of London. educ. Christ Church, Oxf. 1662; Trinity Coll. Camb. 1663; travelled abroad 1664-7. m. lic. 16 Aug. 1677, Elizabeth, da. of Baptist Noel, 3rd Visct. Campden, 4s. (1 d.v.p.) 3da. KB 23 Apr. 1661; styled Visct. Dursley 11 Sept. 1679; summ. to Lords in his fa.’s barony as Lord Berkeley 11 July 1689; suc. fa. as 2nd Earl of Berkeley 14 Oct. 1698.1
Commr. for assessment, Glos. 1673-80, 1689-90, j.p. 1674-?d.; committee, Levant Co. 1678-9; dep. lt. Glos. 1689-94, custos rot. 1689-d., Surr. 1699-d.; ld. lt. Glos. 1694-d., Surr. 1702-d.; high steward, Gloucester 1695-d.; col. of militia horse, Glos. by 1697-?d.; constable of St. Briavel’s Castle and warden of the Forest of Dean 1697-d.; committee, E.I. Co. 1699-1705.2
Capt. of ft., regt. of Henry Somerset Mq. of Worcester, 1673.
Gent. of the bedchamber to Prince Cosmo of Tuscany 1675; envoy to Madrid 1689, The Hague 1689-95; PC 3 May 1694-d.; one of the lds. justices [I] 1699-1700.
Berkeley represented the senior branch of a family of Saxon origin which had held Berkeley Castle since the middle of the 12th century, and first represented Gloucestershire in 1290. The peerage dates from 1321. Berkeley’s grandfather, the 8th Lord, remained at Westminster during the Civil War, and was nominated to the excise and indemnity commissions, and his father, though a neutral, represented Gloucestershire in 1654 and 1656. In May 1660 he was one of the six peers sent over to invite Charles II to return, but he was not politically active.3