BARRINGTON, Sir John, 3rd Bt. (c.1615-83), of Barrington Hall, Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

c. Nov. 1645

Family and Education

b. c.1615, 1st s. of Sir Thomas Barrington, 2nd Bt., of Barrington Hall by 1st w. Frances, da. and coh. of John Gobert of Coventry, Warws. educ. Trinity Coll. Camb. 1633; G. Inn 1635. m. c.1643, Dorothy, da. of Sir William Lytton of Knebworth, Herts., 3s. 5da. Kntd. 8 May 1638; suc. fa. 18 Sept. 1644.2

Offices Held

Commr. for assessment, Essex 1643-52, 1657, Jan. 1660-80, I.o.W. 1647-8, defence, eastern assoc. 1643, sequestrations, Essex 1643, levying of money 1643, j.p. 1644-53, 1656-70, commr. for new model ordinance 1645; alderman, Newtown c.1645-62; commr. for militia, Essex 1648, Mar. 1660, sheriff, Essex and Herts. 1654-5; commr. for recusants, Hants 1675.3

Commr. for exclusion from sacrament 1646, scandalous offences 1648; member, High Court of Justice 1649.

Biography

Barrington’s ancestors had held property in Essex since the early 13th century and from 1572 frequently represented the county in Parliament. The manor of Swainstone in the Isle of Wight, which had come into the family by marriage in the late 16th century, gave them an electoral influence in the borough of Newtown. His father, a relative by marriage of Oliver Cromwell, sat in both the Short and the Long Parliaments, opposed the Stuarts and dominated the county committee in the Civil War. Barrington, like his father a Presbyterian and a Parliamentarian, was a recruiter to the Long Parliament. He abstained from sitting after Pride’s Purge, and refused to act as one of the King’s judges, though he was not removed from the commission of the peace till 1653, when he was imprisoned in the Fleet for his father’s debts. He did not resume his seat with the other secluded Members in 1660, but was appointed to the militia commission.