ANDREWS, Phineas (c.1600-61), of Crutched Friars, London and Denton Court, Kent.
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Family and Education
b. c.1600, 4th s. of William Andrews of Evesham and Little Hampton, Worcs. by Mary, da. of William Phineas of Coventry, Warws. m. 6 Oct. 1624, Mildred, da. of John Fanshawe of Rivenhall, Essex, 6s. (2 d.v.p.) 4da.1
J.p. Herts. 1651-5, 1656-at least 1658, Kent July 1660-d.; commr. for assessment, Kent Aug. 1660-d., sewers, E. Kent Sept. 1660.2
Andrews came from a forceful Worcestershire family, the eldest branch of which entered the ranks of the squirearchy in their native county during the 17th century. A cousin, Theophilus Andrews, sat for Evesham in 1659. Andrews himself is first heard of in 1627 in the service of John Ashburnham I, and, though he is sometimes described as a merchant, it is clear that he was principally a financier, in which capacity he had dealings with the 1st Duke of Buckingham. During the Civil War he paid £50 without demur to the committee for the advance of money; a charge of sending twice as much to the King ‘as a testimony of his affections’ could not be sustained. In 1645 he bought Little Berkhampstead in Hertfordshire from the mother of Humphrey Weld, and was nominated to the commission of the peace during the Interregnum, but he does not seem to have taken the oaths. He represented his neighbour Sir John Harrison in negotiating with his partners in the customs farm during bankruptcy proceedings in 1654, but moved to Denton, which had been mortgaged to him by a ruined Cavalier, in the following year, though he resided chiefly, as before, at his place of business in the City.3