MILDMAY, Thomas II (c.1540-1608), of Moulsham, Essex.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981
Available from Boydell and Brewer




Family and Education

b. c.1540, 1st s. of Thomas Mildmay I by Avis, da. of William Gonson of London. educ. Christ’s, Camb. May 1555; L. Inn 1559. m. (1) Frances, da. of Henry Radcliffe, 2nd Earl of Sussex, 3s. inc. Thomas III 1da.; (2) 2 Dec. 1605, Margaret Whettle (or Whitwell), s.p. suc. fa. 25 Sept. 1566. Kntd. 23 June 1567.1

Offices Held

J.p. Essex by 1571, q. by 1574, sheriff 1572-3, custos rot. c.1576, commr. piracy 1577, dep. lt. from 1584, commr. grain 1586; high steward, Maldon by 1603.2


Mildmay owed his return at Lostwithiel to his father, auditor of the duchy of Cornwall, who had himself sat for the borough in the previous Parliament. In 1571, having succeeded to the family estates, he obtained an Essex county seat, but he never again sat in Parliament despite an active local career extending over the remainder of the reign, including membership of piracy and grain commissions, the apprehension of coiners, conjurers and other felons and in 1576 an inquiry into complaints by the inhabitants of Colchester against their bailiff. As a deputy lieutenant he supervised the equipment and training of the levies, quarrelled (June 1584) with Lord Darcy over the command of the half hundred of Witham, and (after 1588, when Lord Burghley became lord lieutenant) with the central authorities over such matters as the muster-master’s wages. In February 1596 the Privy Council were surprised that Essex could not provide the number of cattle required for the royal service, and complained of excessive grain prices in the county. During the vacancy in the lieutenancy, 1598-9, the Council refused to agree to a reduction in the numbers of horsemen from Essex, and censured the commissioners for musters for allowing the justices of the peace to make an insufficient assessment. Soon afterwards the question of local taxation arose again over a petition from the townsmen of Upminster against new rates, and Mildmay and his fellow commissioners were reminded that