MILDMAY, Thomas I (bef.1515-66), of Moulsham, Essex and London.
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Family and Education
Auditor ct. of augmentations 1536-c.54; jt. auditor, duchy of Cornw. 1537, sole 1556; auditor ct. of gen. surveyors by 1545; j.p. Essex 1541, q. 1554, commr. subsidy by 1550; sheriff, Essex and Herts. 1558-9; ‘ass. man.’ commr. duchy of Cornw. 1563.2
Mildmay, brother of Queen Elizabeth’s chancellor of the Exchequer, was born into an Essex family of humble origin which had risen to some prosperity by the efforts of his father. Mildmay himself married the daughter of a. treasurer of marine causes who was a colleague of Thomas Cromwell†.3
It was Mildmay’s position as auditor of the duchy of Cornwall which gained him a parliamentary seat on six occasions. He had visited Lostwithiel, which he represented in 1559, in almost every autumn since 1537 to audit the duchy accounts. He was sufficiently prominent to secure his own return in 1559 and that of his son in the next Parliament. At the time of the return in January 1559, Mildmay was sheriff of his native county.4
In 1564 Mildmay was described by the bishop of London as ‘indifferent in religion’, an estimate confirmed by his earlier career. He retained his offices during Mary’s reign and was active as a justice in prosecuting protestants in Essex. Still, he was on intimate terms with Sir Philip Hoby who, when inviting Sir William Cecil to spend the Christmas of 1557 with him at Bisham, used Mildmay’s intended presence as an inducement. During the disturbed months following Queen Elizabeth’s accession, Mildmay was one of those to whom the Privy Council entrusted the task of suppressing (and sometimes arresting) unlicensed preachers in Essex.5
In November 1565 Mildmay’s name was deleted from a commi