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|7 Jan. 1559||WILLIAM LAWRENCE|
|Dec. 1562||WILLIAM LAWRENCE|
|RICHARD BIRDE I|
|25 May 1572||THOMAS MICHELBORNE|
|JOHN CAPLYN II|
|14 Jan. 1583||WILLIAM BETHELL vice Michelborne, deceased|
|11 Nov. 1584||JOHN WOLLEY|
|THOMAS FLEMING I|
|10 Oct. 1586||JOHN WOLLEY|
|THOMAS FLEMING I|
|9 Oct. 1588||THOMAS FLEMING I|
|1593||(Sir) Edward Stafford II|
|Thomas Fleming I|
|7 Oct. 1597||WILLIAM BADGER|
|JOHN MOORE III|
|7 Oct. 1601||EDWARD COLE|
|THOMAS FLEMING II|
Winchester’s principal officials in this period were a mayor, recorder, aldermen, two bailiffs, two coroners, two constables and the major’s ‘assistants’, known as the ‘24’ although their number varied. Sir Francis Walsingham, high steward of Winchester since 1588, procured a new charter for the city in 1588. On Walsingham’s death Thomas Sackville, Lord Buckhurst, was appointed to the office, but resigned in October 1591 in favour of (Sir) Thomas Heneage. When Heneage died in 1595, (Sir) Charles Blount, 8th Lord Mountjoy, succeeded him.
Parliamentary elections were made by the common assembly, held either at the guildhall or in the House of the Hospital of St. John. The number eligible to vote varied: 43 in 1559, 66 in 1586, 55 in 1593 and 63 in 1601. It appears from the minute books that the numbers actually present were somewhat lower: 30 in 1559 and about 40 at most other elections. There was only one known contest during Elizabeth’s reign; that was at the by-election in January 1583 occasioned by the death of Thomas Michelborne. The candidates were William Bethell and Richard Cooke, both local men. The former was elected, but did not take his seat as the Parliament, which had last sat in 1581, was dissolved in April 1583.
In all except the first and last Parliaments of the reign, Winchester returned its recorder or legal counsel: Thomas Michelborne (1563, 1571, 1572), Thomas Fleming I (1584, 1586, 1589, 1593), and John Moore 111 (1597). In 1559 two ex-mayors were elected: Robert Bethell and William Lawrence, the latter sitting again in 1563. In 1601 the senior burgess, Edward Cole, was also an ex-mayor and the other, Thomas Fleming II, was the son of Thomas Fleming I, the former recorder, and himself a minor Hampshire landowner. Two other MPs, Richard Birde I (157I) and William Badger (1597) were sometime mayors of Winchester.
Four outsiders represented the borough during this period. The first was John Caplyn II, from Southampton, in 1572. He was nomin