Available from Boydell and Brewer
|1571||SIR VALENTINE BROWNE|
|ROBERT NEWDIGATE I|
|7 Oct. 1586||SIR VALENTINE BROWNE|
|22 Jan. 1589||WILIAM MORTON|
|WILIAM SELBY II|
|WILLIAM SELBY II|
|18 Oct. 1597||WILLIAM SELBY II|
|1601||WILLIAM SELBY II|
Although trading guilds existed in the frontier town of Berwick, it was primarily a military centre, and the unusual structure of town government there reflects this fact. The principal officer, appointed by the Crown, was the governor, usually the same person as the warden of the east march. He was assisted by a corporation, including three officials—a mayor, bailiff and town clerk—whose salaries were paid by the government.
Writs for parliamentary elections were sent straight to the town and not to the sheriff of Northumberland. Return was made by the mayor and his ‘brethren’. The influence of the governor at these elections was considerable. There were five Elizabethan governors: William 13th Lord Grey of Wilton, who died in December 1562; the 2nd Earl of Bedford, from December 1563 to 1568; Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon, from 1568 until his death in 1596. After Hunsdon’s death, his son, Sir John Carey, became locum tenens at Berwick until the appointment of Lord Willoughby in March 1598. When Willoughby died in 1601, Sir John Carey achieved his ambition and became the governor of the town.
If Berwick returned Members to the 1559 Parliament, their names have not been found. The 1563 MPs were a local man and borough official, Antho