Berwick-upon-Tweed

Borough

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Elections

DateCandidate
1562/3ANTHONY TEMPLE
 THOMAS NORTON
1571SIR VALENTINE BROWNE
 HENRY CAREY
1572MARTIN GARNETT
 ROBERT NEWDIGATE I
1584WILLIAM MORTON
 THOMAS PARKINSON
7 Oct. 1586SIR VALENTINE BROWNE
 THOMAS PARKINSON
22 Jan. 1589WILIAM MORTON
 WILIAM SELBY II
1593WILLIAM MORTON
 WILLIAM SELBY II
18 Oct. 1597WILLIAM SELBY II
 THOMAS PARKINSON
1601WILLIAM SELBY II
 DAVID WATERHOUSE

Main Article

Although trading guilds existed in the frontier town of Berwick, it was primarily a military centre, and the unusual structure of town government there reflects this fact. The principal officer, appointed by the Crown, was the governor, usually the same person as the warden of the east march. He was assisted by a corporation, including three officials—a mayor, bailiff and town clerk—whose salaries were paid by the government.

Writs for parliamentary elections were sent straight to the town and not to the sheriff of Northumberland. Return was made by the mayor and his ‘brethren’. The influence of the governor at these elections was considerable. There were five Elizabethan governors: William 13th Lord Grey of Wilton, who died in December 1562; the 2nd Earl of Bedford, from December 1563 to 1568