Hertfordshire

County

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558, ed. S.T. Bindoff, 1982
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Background Information

No names known for 1510-23

Elections

DateCandidate
1529HENRY BARLEY
 (aft. 12 Nov. 1529 not known)
 PHILIP BUTLER
1536(not known)
1539SIR HENRY PARKER 1
 (SIR) PHILIP BUTLER 2
1542(SIR) RALPH SADLER
 (?EDWARD or JOHN) BROCKET 3
1545SIR RICHARD LEE
 JOHN COCK II
1547(SIR) ANTHONY DENNY 4
 SIR RALPH ROWLETT
24 Oct. 1549SIR HENRY PARKER vice Denny, deceased
Jan. 1552JOHN COCK II vice Parker, deceased5
1553 (Mar.)(SIR) RALPH SADLER
 JOHN COCK II
1553 (Oct.)SIR JOHN BUTLER
 (SIR) JOHN BROCKET
1554 (Apr.)JOHN COCK II
 FRANCIS SOUTHWELL
1554 (Nov.)JOHN COCK II 6
 EDWARD BROCKET 7
1555(SIR) JOHN BROCKET
 JOHN COCK II
1558JOHN FOSTER III
 (aft. 14 Nov. 1558 not known)
 JOHN PURVEY

Main Article

The Hertfordshire elections were generally held at Hertford, but at least one seems to have taken place at Waltham Cross. Of the 14 knights of the shire identified, all held land in the county and most had inherited it; among the four newcomers, Sir Henry Parker and John Purvey (whose parentage is unknown) acquired their Hertfordshire estates by marriage, Sir Ralph Sadler and Francis Southwell through public service. All the men elected were on the commission of the peace, although Sadler not until after his first election and Sir John Butler only after his parliamentary career was over, and seven of them served as sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire. Henry Barley and Sir Henry Parker did so before and Ralph Rowlett and Sir John Butler after sitting, Philip Butler both while he was a Member and afterwards, Edward Brocket five years after his conjectural return to the Parliament of 1542 and again during his Membership a dozen years later, and John Cock between the first and second of his six returns for Hertfordshire. Sadler, Cock and Denny were Privy Councillors, but it was only Cock who established a lien on one of the seats and this notwit