Calne

Borough

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558, ed. S.T. Bindoff, 1982
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Background Information

No names known for 1510-23

Elections

DateCandidate
1529WILLIAM CROWCHE
 JOHN TURGEYS
1536(not known)
1539(not known)
1542(not known)
1545ROBERT LONG
 FRANCIS GOODERE
 (aft. 22 Dec. 1546 not known)
1547GRIFFIN CURTEYS 1
 JOHN COCK II 2
 (aft. Jan. 1552 not known)
1553 (Mar.)(not known)
1553 (Oct.)ROBERT HUNGERFORD
 WILLIAM ALLEN
1554 (Apr.)WILLIAM BASELEY
 WILLIAM ALLEN
1554 (Nov.)SIR JOHN MARVYN
 EDWARD WASTFIELD
1555WILLIAM ALLEN
 EDWARD WASTFIELD
1558WILLIAM ALLEN
 RICHARD NICHOLAS

Main Article

Two thirds of the prosperous clothing town of Calne lay within a prebendal manor held by the treasurer of Salisbury cathedral, and one third within another manor, usually described as the hundred of Calne which was owned by the Zouche family until 1554, when it passed to Thomas Long. In 1540 the fee-farm of £15 paid by the Zouche family was granted to Anne of Cleves.3

A pre-Conquest villa regia, Calne was described as a burgus in Domesday Book and returned Members from 1295; it was not incorporated until the reign of James II. Records of payment for the confirmation of ‘charters’ in the 16th century probably refer to recognition of the townsmen’s privileges as inhabitants of ancient demesne. There was no borough court and from at least 1520 the burgesses owed suit to that of the manor of Ogbourne St. George, 14 miles away and a member of Wallingford, Berkshire, a duchy of Cornwall honor until 1540 when it was annexed to the King’s Oxfordshire manor of Ewelme. By the mid 16th century municipal government was identified with that of the guild merchant: when the arms of the borough were ratified in 1565, there were two guild stewards, sometimes known as bailiffs, and 15 other members called burgesses. The guild stewards were elected each as Apr. until 1579; their earliest surviving book of accounts contains entries from 1561, copied retrospectively in 1584.4