GRAHAM, Thomas II (1752-1819), of Kinross House, Kinross.
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Family and Education
b. 5 Oct. 1752, 4th s. of John Graham, merchant in Edinburgh, of Kernock by 2nd w. Helen, da. of William Mayne of Powislogie, Clackmannan, sis. of Sir William Mayne†, cr. Baron Newhaven [I]; half-bro. of George Graham*. m. 22 Dec. 1783, at Calcutta, Anne, da. of Henry Paul, 1s. d.v.p. 2 da.
Writer, E.I. Co. (Bengal) 1768; factor 1774, sen. merchant 1780; resident at Benares 1777-80; partner in bank of Graham, Mowbray and Skirrow of Calcutta; member of supreme council 1793, 1801; sen. member, board of revenue 1793-c.1809.
Like his elder brothers John and Robert and half-brother George, Graham prospered in India, assisted by their connexion with the banking house of their uncle Sir William Mayne. He became one of Warren Hastings’s most trusted subordinates and acted as his Persian translator. As resident at Benares, he was charged with irregularities which culminated in his removal in 1780 at the instance of Hastings’s foe Philip Francis. Graham complained to Hastings: ‘I do not suppose that the annals of the Company’s service can furnish an instance of such wanton injustice as I am now in proof of’. He subsequently advised Hastings of the progress of the Mahrat