STEWART, Hon. James (c.1699-1768), of Auchleand, Wigtown.
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Family and Education
b. c.1699, 2nd s. of James, 5th Earl of Galloway [S], by Lady Catherine Montgomerie, da. of Alexander, 9th Earl of Eglintoun [S]. educ. Eton.1 unm.
Entered 3 Ft. Gds; capt. and lt.-col. 1736; col. army 1744; col. 37 Ft. 1752- d.; maj.-gen. 1754; lt.-gen. 1758.
Stewart was a soldier, unambitious of a parliamentary career, who represented the county or the burghs as the Galloway interest and local political expediency required. In 1754 he was elected apparently in absentia (in May he was with his regiment in Minorca); returned in July 1754;2 was counted by Dupplin as an Administration supporter; and presumably attended Parliament when not engaged on regimental and recruiting duties. In November 1755 he was ordered to return to Minorca, but did not leave until April 1756, when he sailed in Byng’s squadron. He carried letters of instruction from the War Office to Gen. Fowke, governor of Gibraltar, whose council of war he attended; concurred in the view not to send a detachment from Gibraltar to Mahon; resumed his voyage with Byng, and again took part in the council of war which resolved to abandon Minorca and return to Gibraltar. Stewart, summoned home to answer for his conduct before a board of generals, was, however, in December found not guilty of disobedience and neglect of duty.3 He then resumed his parliamentary duties; in March 1757 he was counted among the Scots personally attached to Newcastle,