THROCKMORTON, John II, of Lypiatt, nr. Stroud, Glos.
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Family and Education
m. c.1580, Juliana (d.1581), wid. of Thomas Wye of Dowdeswell, Glos.
J.p. Glos. from c.1591, q. by 1596.
The above identification is based upon two assumptions—that the 1601 knight of the shire lived in Gloucestershire, and that it was the same John Throckmorton who was elected in 1601 and in 1604. This rules out John Throckmorton of Tortworth, son of Sir Thomas Throckmorton, and grandson of the Sir Richard Berkeley whose death caused the 1604 by-election, as John Throckmorton of Tortworth was certainly dead by 1607, and probably died, while still a boy, before 1591, whereas the 1604 Gloucestershire MP appears in the proceedings of the Commons as late as 1611. The 1601 MP is not mentioned by name in the journals, but, as a knight of the shire, he could have attended the main business committee (3 Nov.) and the committee on monopolies (23 Nov.).
The court rolls of the manor of Dowdeswell show that John Throckmorton of Lypiatt, and his wife, held the manors of Corse, Pitchcombe, Frampton, Mansell and Rodmarton, and some land at Tetbury. He sold Rodmarton about 1597 to Robert Coxe for £800, but most of the others were still in his possession in 1608 when John Smith of Nibley compiled his muster roll for the county. Throckmorton was assessed at £20 for the subsidy in 1593. In that year, his house, which stands near the church in Lypiatt, was robbed by a gang led by one Thomas King. The Throckmortons of Lypiatt were related to the senior branch of the family at Coughton, Warwickshire. Traditionally they are supposed to have shared the latter’s Catholicism and to have lost Lypiatt as a result of their implication in the Gunpowder Plot, but, far from losing Lypiatt in 1605, Throckmorton sold it in 1610 to Thomas Stephens, attorney to Prince Henry and Prince Charles. Throckmorton was still alive in 1622, when he witnessed a will; his own has not been found.
Bristol and Glos. Arch. Soc. Trans. xvii. 139, 162, 203; xxii. 130; xxxvii. 76-7; lx. 287; lxvii. 131-2, 155, 212; Vis. Glos. (Harl. Soc. xxi), 163; Rudder, Glos. 391, 603, 713; J. Smith, Men and Armour for Glos. 1608, pp. 26, 131; A. L. Rowse, Ralegh and the Throckmortons, 190; D’Ewes, 624, 649; APC, xxiv. 345; xxvi. 484; PCC 106 Savile.