THROCKMORTON (afterwards CAREW), Nicholas (d.1644), of ?Paulerspury, Northants. and Beddington, Surr.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981
Available from Boydell and Brewer




Family and Education

5th surv. s. of Sir Nicholas Throckmorton of Paulerspury by Anne, da. of Sir Nicholas Carew of Beddington; bro. of Arthur Throckmorton. educ. matric. Padua 1590. m. (1) by 1599, Mary, da. of Sir George More of Loseley, Surr., 5s. 3da.; (2) by 1618, Susan Bright (d.1633), of Bury St. Edmunds, Suff., wid. of Henry Butler of London, merchant, 1s. 1da. Kntd. June 1603 at Beddington. suc. uncle Francis Carew of Beddington and changed his name to Carew May 1611.1

Offices Held

J.p. Surr. temp. Jas. I; chamberlain of the Exchequer 1613.2


Throckmorton, a younger son of the statesman and diplomat, was a minor figure until adopted as his heir by his uncle. Indeed, prior to the discovery of the diary kept by his brother Arthur, his activities before 1600 were almost completely unknown. As it is he is overshadowed by Arthur and by his sister Elizabeth, whose secret marriage to (Sir) Walter Ralegh caused such uproar at court.

Only a few years old when his father died, Throckmorton was left £500 and a half share (with his younger brother Henry) in the salt monopoly. His mother, who died in 1587, left him a jewel, having two rows of rubies and one of diamonds, and household goods, including satin and velvet hangings ‘with falcons and lions embroidered thereon’, taffeta curtains, silk and linen quilts and damask towels and napkins. He probably continued to live at the family home at Paulerspury, Northamptonshire. By 1588 he was in Italy, for Arthur recorded in his diary that he had sent his brother some money to continue his continental tour, probably part of a £40 annuity he was looking after for him during this period. Two years later the position was reversed, for Arthur borrowed £300 from Nicholas, at 10%.3

Throckmorton was in England again by 1596, for in July of that year he passed on to Sir Francis Carew at Beddington the rumour that Ralegh had been drowned during the expedition to Cadiz. Evidently he was a familiar figure in Surrey by this date, and shortly afterwards he married the daughter of another prominent Surrey gentleman, Sir George More of Loseley. He was returned to Parliament for Lyme Regis in 1601, a seat which his father had once occupied. His patron was presumably his brother-in-law, Sir Walter Ralegh. Others among Throckmorton’s relatives, including his father, grandfather, brother, uncle, fath