PHILIPPS, John (d.1629), of Picton, Pemb. and Clog y fran, Carm.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

Family and Education

1st s. of Morgan Philipps of Picton by Elizabeth, da. of Richard Fletcher of Bangor, Caern., registrar of diocese of Bangor. m. (1) Ann, da. of Sir John Perrot, 3s. 8da.; (2) Margaret, da. of Sir Robert Denys of Bigton, Devon, s.p. suc. fa. 1585; cr. Bt. 1621.

Offices Held

J.p. Pemb. 1591, sheriff 1594-5, 1610-11; sheriff, Carm. 1622-3.1

Biography

Philipps (to adopt the spelling of the name preferred by his descendants) was a nephew of William Philipps, who had represented the shire in 1559 and 1572 and who bequeathed Picton to his brother, John’s father. Other parts of the estate, however, were left to William’s daughters Elizabeth and Mary, wives of George Owen of Henllys and Alban Stepneth of Prendergast respectively; and much of John Philipps’s life was spent in territorial disputes, of which the first was over lands in Rhoscrowther, in the extreme west of the shire, south of Milford Haven. In 1583 John Gwyn of Carew accused him and Griffith White of Henllan before the Star Chamber of violent proceedings with regard to these lands, proceedings in which Philipps’s father-in-law Sir John Perrot was also concerned. It may have been the costs involved in these disputes that caused Philipps ten years later to borrow £100 from Sir Thomas Myddelton; the debt was not repaid for eight years.2

In the Parliament of 1601 Philipps unsuccessfully promoted a bill to establish the boundaries of Carmarthenshire and Pembrokeshire, which had been left in some confusion by the Acts of Union; but Townshend, the parliamentary journalist who sat for Bishop’s Castle in this Parliament, suspected that Philipps’s real motive was to ‘strengthen his estate’ and to overthrow the claims of his cousin’s husband, George Owen. As knight for Pembrokeshire Philipps was entitled to attend the main business committee (3 Nov.) and the monopolies committee (23 Nov.). Two years la