TYRWHITT, Sir Robert II (c.1510-81), of Kettleby, Lincs.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558, ed. S.T. Bindoff, 1982
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

Mar. 1553
Apr. 1554

Family and Education

b. c.1510, 1st s. of Sir William Tyrwhitt (d. 19 Mar. 1541) of Scotter by Isabel, da. of William Girlington of Normanby; bro. of Marmaduke and Tristram. m. by 1531, Elizabeth, da. and h. of Sir Thomas Oxenbridge of Etchingham, Suss., 9s. inc. William 13da. suc. gdfa. 4 July 1548. Kntd. by 16 Feb. 1553.2

Offices Held

J.P. Lincs. (Lindsey) 1547-?d.; commr. relief, Lincs. (Lindsey) and Lincoln 1550, goods of churches and fraternities, Lincs. (Lindsey) 1553, subsidy 1563; other commissions 1547-78; jt. (with Sir Edward Dymoke and Sir William Willoughby, Baron Willoughby of Parham) ld. lt. Lincs. May 1559; sheriff 1559-60.3

Biography

According to his grandfather’s inquisition Robert Tyrwhitt was aged 22 years and more in July 1548, but since his eldest son William was of age by 1552 this must have been a conventional underestimate; his family chronology also suggests that he was born a good deal earlier, probably about 1510. It was under the tutelage of his uncle Sir Robert Tyrwhitt I that he spent part of his youth as a henchman at court. He did not follow his uncle in making a career there but confined himself to the affairs of his county and the management of the lands which he inherited from his grandfather and those, said to be worth £140 a year, brought by the Sussex heiress whom he married. He does not appear to have fought in the wars of the 1540s and his knighthood, the date of which is unknown, was probably conferred to gratify his uncle. His three elections as knight of the shire within a five-year period attest his own and his family’s standing, and it may have been only his comparative youth which excluded him from the first place. As a lifelong Catholic he must have found the second Edwardian Parliament less congenial than either of his two Marian ones, and he was not to sit in any of Elizabeth’s. He did, however, intervene in the election of 1559 at Grimsby, where he asked for one nomination to be given to the 9th Lord Clinton and dissuaded his brother Marmaduke from seeking a seat.4

Under Elizabeth, although adjudged a ‘hinderer of the true religion’,