HUSSEY, Anthony (1496/97-1560), of London.
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Family and Education
b. 1496/97, s. of John Hussey of Slinfold, Suss. educ.?Oxf. m. by 1526, Catherine, da. of John Webbe of Dedham, Essex, 3s. 1da.1
Notary public, London diocese by 1525; judge of admiralty ct. by 1539; chief registrar to abp. of Canterbury by 1539; proctor of the Arches by 1542; registrar to dean of St. Paul’s by 1546; gov. Merchant Adventurers by 1555-d., Russia Co. ?1557- d.; master in Chancery by 1557-d.2
According to an inscription on his tomb in St. Martin’s Ludgate, Anthony Hussey was born in London. Nothing certain has come to light about his education: his son Lawrence was to take a doctorate at Bologna, but if Hussey himself studied abroad he did not proceed so far. He was never styled doctor as were most of the admiralty judges.3
Hussey is first found as a notary at the dissolution of some small monasteries in 1525. His rapid distinction in his profession is suggested by his indictment during Michaelmas term 1530 of praemunire for abetting Wolsey’s legateship; he was the sixteenth and last of those charged and all his companions were clerics, eight of them bishops. Proceedings continued in the King’s bench until Easter term 1531 when the accused were able to plead the general pardon of that year. In 1533, with a group of London merchants, he was granted the next presentation to the rectory of Bradninch in Devon. At the proceedings of 1540 in the chapter house at Westminster to nullify the Cleves marriage it was Hussey who read out the King’s commission, attended the taking of depositions and signed the final judgment; he also drew up the letters by which the Queen submitted. He was by then already deputizing for John Tregonwell in the admiralty court, and his patent as one of its judges was issued later in the year, to be followed shortly afterwards by his appointment as proctor of the Arches. His range of activities included the examination of heretics in Kent, the supply of money and news to Nicholas Wotton during his embassy to Charles V, and the dispatch of a small fleet to Boulogne in the summer of 1545: during the last operation he was summoned before the Council to answer to ‘a contempt’ committed by him at the Admiralty, but his conduct was upheld by the admiral, John Dudley, Viscount Lisle.4
At the beginning of Edward VI’s reign the Protector Somerset accused Hussey of injustice and slackness, and when Admiral Seymour rebutted the charges the Protector warned Hussey to ‘proceed uprightly ... as otherwise it will be sought at his hand’. One of the issues was probably a sentence given by Dr. Griffin Leyson, which in the same month Hussey and three other judges were charged to investigate; in 1552 Leyson was to rule against Hussey and others as owners of the Anthony, carrying sugar from Antwerp to London, for negligence leading to loss of cargo. It is not known where Hussey stood in the political and religious conflicts of the reign, but he evidently did nothing to compromise himself with Mary, under whom his career reached its peak. To his posts in civil law and ecclesiastical administration there were added the governorships of trading companies and, for a time, the royal agency at Antwerp. Such versatility was calculated to make Hussey a valuable recruit to the Commons and it is surprising that he sat in only the first and last of Mary’s Parliaments. On both occasions he sat for boroughs controlled by the dukes of Norfolk and theirs may have been the decisive influence at wory—it was to the 3rd Duke that Hussey had owed his original appointment in the Admiralty; but his own Sussex origin and connexions in the county, notably with his cousin Sir Henry Hussey, who had sat previously for both Horsham and Shoreham, must have played their part. Unlike his cousin, Anthony Hussey was not among those who in the Parliament of October 1553 ‘stood for the true religion’ against the initial measures to restore Catholicism; of his part in the proceedings of 1559 nothing is known.5
Hussey owned a large house in Paternoster Row, where in 1548 he was assessed on £234 in goods, and held lands at Abbots Hall, Dedham and Stanfordle-Hope in Essex which had come to him through his wife. His sister Margaret was the wife of Thomas Goodman, an Essex landowner and London mercer, and his daughter Ursula married Benjamin Gonson, treasurer of the navy. His friends included Nicholas Wotton, Sir Thomas Lodge the prominent grocer and alderman, Sir William Chester† the draper, and Sir William Garrard, who succeeded him as governor of the Russia Company. He died on the morning of 1 June 1560. At his funeral four days later in St. Martin’s Ludgate ‘there was Paul’s choir and the clerks of London ... and Master Alley, the reader of Paul’s, preached’. By his will of 12 Jan. 1558 he had left his London house, the goods in it and £200 to his wife, and all his books, £100 worth of plate and £100 to his son Lawrence. John Tusent was to receive £20 and the joint patent of Hussey’s office at St. Paul’s, ‘willing him to bind up in due form the register of the late Archbishop Cranmer’. The profits of his ‘adventure in Russia’ were to be shared among his wife and children. The Merchant Adventurers’ Company was to receive £100 Flemish, and Sir William Chester’s scholar Campion (the future Jesuit) 40s. a year ‘so long as he is [a] student in Oxford’.6
Ref Volumes: 1509-1558
Author: R. J.W. Swales
- 1. Aged 63 at death, Stow, Survey of London (1618), 650. Comber, Suss. Genealogies (Lewes), 184; Emden, Biog. Reg. Univ. Oxf. 1501-40, p. 684; St.Ch.2/21/209.
- 2. LP Hen. VIII, iv, xiv, xvii, xxi; Select Pleas Ct. Admiralty, i (Selden Soc. vi), pp. lix, lx; A. H. Johnson, Company of Drapers, ii. 118n; T. S. Willan, Muscovy Merchants of 1555, p. 104; CPR, 1558-60, p. 19.
- 3. CPR, 1547-8, p. 96; LP Hen. VIII, xv.
- 4. LP Hen. VIII, iv, xv, xviii-xx; information from Dr. J. A. Guy; Elton, Reform and Reformation, 139-44; Add. 30222, f. 19.
- 5. SP10/4, ff. 90, 94, 95; 11/11, f. 134v; CPR, 1547-8, p. 96; Select Pleas Ct. Admiralty, i. 80-81; APC, vi. 54, 172.
- 6. SP10/5, f. 77; St.Ch.2/21/189, 209; CPR, 1547-8, p. 345; Machyn’s Diary (Cam. Soc. xlii), 236-7; PCC 52 Mellershe; N. and Q. cxciv. 90-92.