WYLY, John (d.1400), of Marlborough and Calstone, Wilts.
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Family and Education
m. bef. July 1386, Agnes (d. 16 Feb. 1405), ?1da.1
Dep. warden or ranger of Savernake forest, Wilts. by Mich. 1370-d.
Verderer in Pewsham and Melksham forest by Oct.397-d.
Wyly apparently began his career as a royal servant in about 1352, and it was for good service that in January 1366 he was granted for life wages of 6d. a day from the issues of Wiltshire. He was probably already one of the four rangers responsible for the royal forest of Savernake. Certainly, by 1370 he had been promoted as deputy to the hereditary warden of the forest, Sir Henry Sturmy†, an office in which he continued until his death. In the meantime, in 1378, his annuity had been confirmed by Richard II.2
The headquarters of the Savernake forest administration was at Marlborough, and Wyly evidently lived in the town. Indeed, from the great royal barn there in 1376 he illegally carried off 1,000 slates worth 6s.8d. and other property worth 8s. Described as ‘farmer’ he contributed 1s. to the poll tax of 1379, as levied in Marlborough. All the same, it was perhaps because of his connexions with the influential Sturmys that he was returned for the borough to both Parliaments of 1388, for his attendance at the second of which Robert Warner* (possibly still lieutenant of the castle) went surety.3 He is often recorded in association with Sir William Sturmy*, Sir Henry’s nephew and successor as warden, who provided securities on his behalf when, in May 1384, he and Hildebrand Barre were granted custody at the Exchequer of the manor of Calstone, near Calne, during the minority of the heir, and five years later Sir William made Wyly one of his fooffees of the manors of Froxfield and Crofton. Moreover, jointly with Sturmy in the 1390s and probably earlier, Wyly held an estate in Oxenwood and part of the forest bailiwick of Hippenscombe. (All these properties were situated in Savernake forest and within a few miles of Sturmy’s seat at Wolf Hall.)4
In right of his wife, Agnes, Wyly occupied land at Calstone and nearby Quemerford, for which he paid 58s.4d. yearly to the Crown until 1386, the rent being then waived in recognition of his long service, said to be of 34 years’ duration. His wife also had possession of property in Cherhill and Avebury.5 It was probably by virtue of his holdings at Calstone, which lay within the forest of Pewsham and Melksham, that Wyly obtained the minor office of verderer of this forest. In October 1397, however, the sheriff of Wiltshire was ordered to remove him, as he was living outside the forest boundaries (presumably at Marlborough). Nevertheless, he was still holding this verderership, as well as his posts in Savernake forest, at the time of his death, which occurred shortly before 28 May 1400. His widow died in 1405, leaving as heir her daughter Katherine, the wife of William Pershut.6
Ref Volumes: 1386-1421
Author: Charles Kightly
- 1. CFR, xii. 304.
- 2. CPR, 1364-7, p. 193; 1377-81, p. 135; 1385-9, p. 195; Wilts. IPM Edw. III (Brit. Rec. Soc. Index Lib. xlviii), 362.
- 3. CIMisc. v. 284; E179/196/44; C219/9/5.
- 4. CFR, x. 41; CPR, 1391-6, p. 446; CCR, 1389-92, p. 82.
- 5. CPR, 1385-9, p. 195; CFR, xii. 304; Feudal Aids, v. 220.
- 6. CPR, 1399-1401, pp. 295, 306; CCR, 1396-9, p. 158; 1402-5, p. 345; VCH Wilts. iv. 447; CIPM, xviii. 1030.