WIGHTMAN, William, of Huntingdon and London.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

Jan. 1377
Oct. 1377
Jan. 1380
May 1382
Oct. 1382
Oct. 1383
Apr. 1384
Nov. 1384
Feb. 1388
Sept. 1388
Jan. 1390

Family and Education

m. by Feb. 1383, Agnes.1

Offices Held

Spigurnel of the Chancery’s Nov. 1363-10 Mar. 1394.

Biography

The length and scarcely interrupted continuity of Wightman’s service as a parliamentary burgess is truly remarkable, his outstanding record of 22 returns being in part, at least, due to his regular presence at Westminster. He entered the employment of the Crown in June 1357, as one of Edward III’s yeomen, at an annual fee of 40s. charged upon the manor of Harlington in Middlesex. Six years later his annuity was slightly increased on his appointment as spigurnel of the Chancery, a post which he retained for over three decades, presumably until old age forced his retirement. Although apparently not a native of Huntingdon, he soon acquired property there. Indeed, shortly after he first represented the borough in Parliament, King Edward granted him an acre of land and half a messuage from the confiscated goods of a local felon. By a charter of 1379 he became the owner of a tenement in St. Benedict’s parish, having previously taken sureties of 20 marks from the vendor, as an earnest of his good faith. Thus, by the time of the Peasants’ Revolt, Wightman ranked as one of the most important (albeit, of necessity, occasional) residents of the borough; and it was largely through his leadership that the insurgents who planned to take Huntingdon by storm were held in check. As a royal servant, Wightman mobilized the defence of the bridge which gave access to the town, and together with a group of burgesses managed to drive off the attackers, killing two or three in the process. His bravery did not go unrecognized, for in the following year he received a grant for life of 6d. a day, assigned initially from the revenues coming into the hanaper (to which he must have had ready access), then as a charge upon the Exchequer and lastly, in 1393, as a deduction from the fee farm of the manor of Chesterton in Cambridgeshire. Wightman and his wife were, moreover, accorded a joint corrody at the abbey of Burton-upon-Trent, where they were to be supported for the rest of their lives.2

Thanks to his standing at Court, Wightman was able to avoid the potentially ruinous consequences of his decision to stand surety on behalf of a number of Huntingdon men who had become involved in a di