MAYHEW, John I (b.c.1387), of Smallhill in Otterham, Cornw.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993
Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency

Dates

Family and Education

b.c.1387. ?1s. William.

Offices Held

Under sheriff, Cornw. 1411-12, 1424-5.1

Dep. feodary of the duchy of Cornw. c.1414-1430.2

Commr. of inquiry, Cornw. Nov. 1418 (treasons and felonies), Devon, Cornw. (estates of John Carminowe), Feb. 1423 (estates of Thomas Franklyn), Cornw. May 1440 (alienations in mortmain and escapes of felons), Sept. 1443, June 1445 (piracy).

Tax collector, Cornw. Apr. 1428, Dec. 1429, Sept. 1432.

Mayor, Dunheved 1440.3

Biography

At the assizes held at Launceston in 1405 Mayhew successfully sued members of the family of Smallhill for property in Smallhill in the parish of Otterham, and he was henceforth usually described as ‘of Smallhill’ even though he acquired several other holdings elsewhere in east Cornwall. He was evidently related to the Mayhews of ‘Lopthorne’ in Morwenstowe, with whom he was engaged in various transactions, and he may also perhaps be identified as the John Mayhew who sometimes resided at ‘Wadfast’ in Whitstone.4

From early on in his career Mayhew was closely associated with John Hawley II* of Dartmouth: it was as the latter’s deputy that, in 1411-12, he served as under sheriff of Cornwall and, later on, in the office of feodary of the duchy of Cornwall. It is quite possible that he was already acting as deputy feodary at the time of his election to Henry V’s first Parliament, which Hawley himself attended as MP for Dartmouth. Together with him, Mayhew was placed on royal commissions specifically set up to investigate the terms on which certain tenants-in-chief had held their estates, thus being given additional powers for the more efficient execution of their normal duties. He appeared on Hawley’s behalf as an attorney at the assizes held at Launceston in 1417, and several years later, in 1430, he also stood surety for him in Chancery when he was required to undertake not to molest a Dartmouth man. Over the years Mayhew came into contact, too, with other landowners of note in Cornwall: for example, he occasionally acted as an attorney at the assizes for Sir John Arundell of Trerice, and his association with him was such that in 1425, when he was under sheriff of Cornwall for the second time, he was alleged to have arrayed a panel of jurors to settle a plea of novel disseisin in favour of Sir John as one of the defendants. Then, in 1427, Mayhew shared with John Cork* of Paderda an Exchequer lease of the manor of Bodannan and of the office of bailiff of the Cornish hundred of Trigg. In the 1430s he was active as an executor of the will of John Beville*, and he was associated with Robert Treage* as a co-defendant in a suit of debt for £25 brought by a London skinner. Mayhew was present at the shire elections for Cornwall held prior to the Parliaments of 1426, 1427, 1432, 1442 and 1449 (Nov.).