GROOS, Richard (d.1407), of Wells, Som.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993
Available from Boydell and Brewer



Jan. 1404

Family and Education

m. Agnes, 2s.1

Offices Held

Keeper of the streets (vicorum), Wells Mich. 1382-3; churchwarden of St. Cuthbert’s 1386-7; rent collector Jan. 1395-Mich. 1396, 1397-1400; constable of the peace 1402-3; master 1403-4.2


Groos became a freeman of Wells in 1379, and soon set up in business as a producer of woollen cloth. He was assessed for alnage on as many as 172 ‘dozens’ sold in Somerset between 1395 and 1397, and on 81 broadcloths sold in 1402-3. Over the years he provided pledges for the admission of no fewer than 18 new burgesses, including Thomas Groos, possibly his brother. Indeed, he was always closely involved in the town’s affairs, regularly holding local offices and on occasion acting as tax collector in the ‘Southende’. In March 1400 he served as a juror at an inquisition held at Wells concerning the possessions of Richard II’s adherents in the area. It was during his mastership of Wells that he was returned to Parliam