HOWARD MOLYNEUX HOWARD, Lord Henry Thomas (1766-1824), of Thornbury Castle, Glos.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1820-1832, ed. D.R. Fisher, 2009
Available from Cambridge University Press



1790 - Feb. 1795
11 Feb. 1795 - 1818
1818 - 1820
1820 - 17 June 1824

Family and Education

b. 7 Oct. 1766, 2nd s. of Henry Howard (d. 1787) of Glossop, Derbys. and Juliana, da. of Sir William Molyneux, 6th bt., of Teversall, Notts. m. 12 Sept. 1801, Elizabeth, da. of Edward Long of Aldermaston, Berks., c.j. vice-admiralty ct. of Jamaica, 1s. 4da. suc. cos. Edward Howard, 9th duke of Norfolk, to Thornbury 1777; mat. uncle Sir Francis Molyneux, 7th bt., to Teversall and Wellow, Notts. and took additional name of Molyneux by royal lic. July 1812. Having resumed surname of Howard, granted precedence as yr. s. of a duke (his bro. Bernard Edward Howard having suc. their cos. Charles Howard as 12th duke of Norfolk 16 Dec. 1815) and styled Lord Henry Thomas Howard Molyneux Howard 15 Oct. 1817-d. 17 June 1824.

Offices Held

Dep. earl marshal 1816-d.; high steward, Gloucester.

Capt. N. Glos. militia 1790, maj. 1794, lt.-col. 1798.


Howard was returned unopposed for Steyning on the family interest in 1820, despite rumours that his brother, the 12th duke of Norfolk, would not bring him into Parliament again because of his refusal to vote against the Liverpool ministry’s Six Acts.1 His brother’s Catholicism debarred him from exercising the ceremonial duties of his hereditary office of earl marshal and it fell to Howard as his deputy to supervise the arrangements for George IV’s coronation. This work occupied much of his attention in 1820 and 1821, but illness prevented him from officiating at the ceremony itself, 19 July 1821.2 Poor health also interfered with his parliamentary attendance. He is not known to have spoken in debate in this period and his name appears in none of the surviving division lists of the first three sessions of the 1820 Parliament. He was granted lengthy periods of leave for ill health, 12 Feb., 13 Apr. 1821. He resurfaced to vote with his Whig friends for repeal of the Foreign Enlistment Act, 16 Apr., parliamentary reform, 24 Apr., and the Scottish juries bill, 20 June 1823. He divided against the grant for building new churches, 9 Apr., and for repeal of the assessed taxes, 10 May 1824.

Described as a ‘fat bon vivant, an accumulation of many years’ turtle and venison’, Howard died in June 1824. He left Thornbury Castle to his only son Henry Howard*, and other real estate and the residue of personal estate sworn under £90,000 was divided between all his children.3

Ref Volumes: 1820-1832

Author: David R. Fisher


  • 1. E. Suss. RO, Ashburnham mss 3242, Egremont to Ashburnham, 1 Mar. 1820.
  • 2. Geo. IV Letters, ii. 927; Add. 38284, f. 263; 38286, f. 3; 38289, f. 210; Gent. Mag. (1824), ii. 81.
  • 3. Countess Granville Letters, i. 138; PROB 11/1689/469-70; IR26/1004/889.