YORKE, Philip (1743-1804), of Erddig, Denb.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, ed. R. Thorne, 1986
Available from Boydell and Brewer



15 Mar. 1775 - 1780
19 Feb. - June 1781
17 Jan. - Dec. 1792

Family and Education

b. 29 July 1743,1 o.s. of Simon Yorke of Erddig by Dorothy, da. and event. h. of Matthew Hutton of Newnham, Herts. educ. Eton 1759-60; Corpus Christi, Camb. 1762; L. Inn 1764, called 1767. m. (1) 2 July 1770, Elizabeth (d. Feb. 1779), da. of Sir John Cust, 3rd Bt., 4s. 3da.; (2) 27 Sept. 1782, Diana, da. and h. of Piers Wynne of Dyffryn Aled, Denb., wid. of Ridgeway Owen Meyrick of Bodorgan, Anglesey, 4s. 2da. suc. fa. 1767.

Offices Held

Sheriff Denb. 1786-7, Flint 1787-8.

Capt. Denb. militia 1778.


Yorke was more interested in agricultural and antiquarian pursuits than in Parliament. In 1792 he was returned for Grantham by his brother-in-law, on the united Brownlow and Rutland interest, as a seat-warmer until his son Simon came of age. He supported Pitt’s administration, ‘although constitutional diffidence would not allow him to speak in the House’. He was, however, admired as a conversationalist. No vote of his is known in this period. After his retirement, he published at his own expense works on Welsh genealogy. His income was £7,000 p.a., ‘every shilling of which he did spend’. ‘Nimrod’ remembered him as ‘the worst horseman I ever saw in a saddle’. His letters to the 3rd Earl of Hardwicke, his second cousin, suggest that he was something of a valetudinarian.2

After suffering ‘with spasms on his chest’, he died 19 Feb. 1804,3 the embellisher of Erddig.

Ref Volumes: 1790-1820

Author: M. H. Port


  • 1. DWB.
  • 2. Gent. Mag. (1804), i. 280; Add. 42072, f. 40. PRO 30/8/112, f. 170; A. N. Palmer, Old Parish of Wrexham, 241; C. J. Apperley, My Life and Times, 57, 59; Add. 35641, f. 374; 35642, ff. 203, 239; 35644, ff. 96, 111, 149, 230; 35686, f. 21.
  • 3. Add. 35644, f. 267.