GOUGH CALTHORPE (formerly GOUGH), Sir Henry, 2nd Bt. (1749-98), of Edgbaston, Warws.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, ed. R. Thorne, 1986
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1774 - 1796

Family and Education

b. 1 Jan. 1749, 1st s. of Sir Henry Gough, 1st Bt., by 2nd w. Jane Barbara, da. of Reynolds Calthorpe of Elvetham, Hants. educ. Eton 1762-7; Oriel, Oxf. 1767; Edinburgh 1768-9. m. 1 May 1783, Frances, da. and coh. of Gen. Benjamin Carpenter, 6s. 4da. suc. fa. as 2nd Bt. 8 June 1774; uncle Sir Henry Calthorpe and took additional name of Calthorpe 10 Mar. 1788, cr. Baron Calthorpe 16 June 1796.

Offices Held


Gough Calthorpe controlled a seat at Hindon as well as that which he himself occupied. Previously independent, he appears to have supported Pitt consistently from the time of the Regency crisis. He was listed hostile to the repeal of the Test Act in Scotland in 1791. On 8 Mar. 1793 he was excused attending a call of the House, having ‘met with an accident, which rendered him incapable of attending his duty’.1 He had recovered by 9 May, when he spoke in favour of the Hemlington Hundred bill, an outcome of the Birmingham riots. He voted against abolition of the slave trade, 15 Mar. 1796. At the dissolution he received the peerage for which he had applied in 1789.2 He subscribed £6,000 to the loyalty loan for 1797. His obituary refers to his ‘exactness and discernment’.3 He died ‘of a violent fever’, 16 Mar. 1798.

Ref Volumes: 1790-1820

Author: M. H. Port


  • 1. CJ, xlviii. 365.
  • 2. PRO 30/8/119, f. 130 (‘by my grandmother on my mother’s side’, he wrote, ‘I claim relationship to the greatest part of the most ancient nobility of this kingdom’).
  • 3. Gent. Mag. (1798), i. 264.