FITZWILLIAM, Richard, 7th Visct. Fitzwilliam [I] (1745-1816), of 31 New Bond Street, Mdx.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, ed. R. Thorne, 1986
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1790 - Feb. 1806

Family and Education

b. 1 Aug. 1745, 1st s. of Richard Fitzwilliam, 6th Visct. Fitzwilliam [I], of Mount Merrion, Dublin by Catherine, da. and coh. of Sir Matthew Decker, 1st Bt., of Richmond, Surr. educ. Charterhouse 1760; Trinity Hall, Camb. 1761. unm. suc. fa. as 7th Visct. [I] 25 May 1776.

Offices Held

V.-adm. Leinster.


Fitzwilliam was first cousin to Henry, 10th Earl of Pembroke. In 1788 when Pembroke hoped that his heir would be called up to the Lords, he informed him: ‘Your vacancy might accommodate Lord Fitzwilliam, and possibly serve to forward his other plan’. This ‘other plan’ was an English title, which, however, Pembroke thought, 3 Jan. 1789, and so he informed his son, ‘was never ... so probable as he flattered himself; and now it is, I fear, more than ever out of his and our reach; but he flatters himself still, I see’.1 In May 1789 Fitzwilliam asked Pembroke to get ‘by heart’ his claim to the earldom of Warrington, which he considered his by right, as well as to the abeyant barony of Vaux, which might be his by ‘favour’, since the other claimants were Catholics, and present it to Pitt. He was prepared to devote the ‘six or eight thousand pounds’ which he might spend in establishing his claim to the earldom before the House of Lords to ‘bringing two Members into the ensuing Parliament; the borough and persons of [Pitt’s] naming’. He thought the size of his estate in Ireland and England would suggest to Pitt ‘the wisdom of attaching persons of property to the King’s government’. He added that a new creation would terminate in him, as he was unmarried, whereas if his claim were established by right, the title would pass to his brothers. Pitt would not comply, and although Fitzwilliam drafted a memorial to the King, 16 May 1789, he did not obtain his object.2

In 1790 Fitzwilliam came in for Pembroke’s borough of Wilton: the patron had decided to displace William Gerard Hamilton* in April 1789 after Hamilton had voted with opposition, and thought Fitzwilliam would ‘be glad to succeed him’. His son agreed that Fitzwilliam would be ‘in every shape a very proper person’ and reported to his father, 21 May 1789:

In a letter from Lord Fitzwilliam are the following words. ‘With regard to Wilton, disposez de moi, but do not let me stand either in yours or Lord Pembroke’s way.’ He has likewise told me he should be happy to be elected at Wilton, which you had proposed to him and that he had on a former occasion signified as much to you, but that he did not possess the shadow of a claim upon you.3

After this, nothing: no vote either way, no speech, no indication of attendance. In April 1791, admittedly, he was listed hostile to the repeal of the Test Act in Scotland. The Treasury compilers of party lists, baffled, labelled him ‘doubtful’ in September 1804 and, better still, ‘nil’ in July 1805. In February 1806 he resigned in favour of another member of Pembroke’s family. He had been, in effect, a stop-gap for the family interest.

A connoisseur, Fitzwilliam was the anonymous author of a series of Letters of Atticus, published in London in French, 1811, on ‘Protestantism and Catholicism considered in their comparative influence on society’, which showed considerable detachment. Succeeded in the title by two brothers who left no issue, he left his property to Lord Pembroke and his fine collection of pictures, drawings, books and manuscripts to his university, with the dividends on £100,000 of South Sea stock to erect a museum at Cambridge to house them.4 He died 4 Feb. 1816.

Ref Volumes: 1790-1820

Author: R. G. Thorne



  • 1. Pembroke Pprs. 375, 400.
  • 2. Pembroke mss, Fitzwilliam’s memo May; statement, 5 May; Fitzwilliam to Pembroke, 6 May, to Ld. Herbert, 16 May 1789.
  • 3. Pembroke Pprs. 408, 422, 428.
  • 4. Gent. Mag. (1816), i. 189; Corresp. of Lady Williams Wynn, 194.