EDMONSTONE, Sir Archibald, 1st Bt. (1717-1807), of Duntreath, Stirling.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, ed. R. Thorne, 1986
Available from Boydell and Brewer



10 Dec. 1761 - 1780
1780 - 1790
1790 - 1796

Family and Education

b. 10 Oct. 1717, 1st s. of Archibald Edmonstone, MP [I], of Duntreath, and Red Hall, co. Antrim by 2nd w. Anne, da. of Hon. John Campbell of Mamore, sis. of John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll. educ. Glasgow Univ. 1732; M. Temple 1737, called 1745. m. (1) 4 Oct. 1753, Susanna Mary (d. 4 Apr. 1776), da. of Roger Harenc, merchant, of London, and Foot’s Cray Place, Kent, 5s. 3da.; (2) 28 Apr. 1778, Hester, da. of Sir John Heathcote, 2nd Bt., of Normanton, Rutland, s.p. suc. fa. 1768; cr. Bt. 20 May 1774.

Offices Held

Gent. usher of the black rod [I] 1763-5.


Edmonstone came of an ancient Scottish family possessing property in Ireland. This had been sold by 1783 and he increased his estate in Stirlingshire. He also invested in East India Company stock. The major part of his parliamentary career was over by 1790. He had transferred his allegiance to successive administrations and had been among the first to go over to Pitt in 1784. His connexions were with the Duke of Argyll, who supported him in Dunbartonshire in 1790, but he owed his return primarily to the Montrose-Elphinstone alliance in that county. His election was satisfactory to Henry Dundas.1

He supported Pitt’s ministry in the Commons and either voted against or was absent but hostile to relieving Scotland from the Test Act, 10 May 1791. He is known to have spoken only once more, querying the purport of the motion for the abolition of the slave trade, 19 Apr. 1791. He retired in 1796 and in doing so wrote a dignified complaint to Pitt of his failure to find a living for his younger son, George, for whom he had applied to the minister since 1788:

I have now closed my political life, after 35 years, uninterruptedly, in Parliament, without any trouble, or expense to government; and may perhaps never again have the honour of being seen by you; but my attachment to your administration is well known, and whether I ever became personally disagreeable to it, I will not make myself the judge. I was certainly (upon one subject) a solicitor for eight years; and should you have the goodness to still carry your kind intentions into effect, I have, now, but my gratitude to return, which shall ever be felt, and testified:—if otherwise, I can only repent (and with real unhappiness) that I’ve been the innocent cause of leading a worthy son into the line of a profession, which, at the age of 31, does not produce him the bread of a gentleman.

In 1798 Edmonstone was still applying to Pitt on this point, ‘the only request I ever made’.2 He was ambitious, in 1801, of bringing in his heir Charles for Dunbartonshire and had the satisfaction of realizing this in 1806, when the competition was so close that, to quote William Adam, ‘Sir Archibald Edmonstone’s vote, which his capacity renders very uncertain as from age his intellect is not always clear, was the pivot on which it turned’.3 Edmonstone died on 20 July 1807.

Ref Volumes: 1790-1820

Author: R. G. Thorne


  • 1. Sir A. Edmonstone, Gen. Acc. Fam. of Edmonstone of Duntreath, 8, 68; C. H. Philips, E.I. Co. 304; Argyll mss, Ferrier to Argyll, 23 Nov. 1801; Pol. State of Scotland 1788, pp. 90, 325.
  • 2. PRO 30/8/132, ff. 31-41; 195, ff. 91, 95.
  • 3. Argyll mss, Ferrier to Argyll, 23 Nov. 1801; Fortescue mss, Adam to Grenville, 13 Nov. 1806.