Available from Boydell and Brewer
Right of Election:
in the corporation
Number of voters:
|19 June 1790||HENRY TEMPLE, Visct. Palmerston [I]|
|SIR PENISTON LAMB, Bt., Visct. Melbourne [I]|
|13 Feb. 1793||HON. PENISTON LAMB vice Melbourne, vacated his seat|
|27 May 1796||JERVOISE CLARKE JERVOISE|
|11 Nov. 1796||WILLIAM NISBET and ANDREW STRAHAN vice Jervoise and Rushworth, chose to sit for Yarmouth I.o.W.|
|8 May 1800||SIR GEORGE DALLAS, Bt., vice Nisbet, vacated his seat|
|6 July 1802||JOHN BLACKBURN|
|RICHARD GERVAS KER|
|4 Nov. 1806||ISAAC CORRY|
|SIR JOHN DOYLE, Bt.|
|8 May 1807||HENRY JOHN TEMPLE, Visct. Palmerston [I]|
|SIR ARTHUR WELLESLEY|
|7 Apr. 1809||LEONARD THOMAS WORSLEY HOLMES vice Wellesley, vacated his seat|
|29 Jan. 1810||PALMERSTON re-elected after appointment to office|
|10 Apr. 1811||CECIL BISSHOPP vice Palmerston, vacated his seat|
|6 Oct. 1812||SIR LEONARD THOMAS WORSLEY HOLMES, Bt.|
|RICHARD FLEMING WORSLEY HOLMES|
|22 Nov. 1814||JOHN DELGARNO vice Richard Fleming Worsley Holmes, deceased|
|15 Apr. 1816||GEORGE WATSON TAYLOR vice Delgarno, vacated his seat|
|22 June 1818||SIR LEONARD THOMAS WORSLEY HOLMES, Bt.|
Oldfield’s analysis of the corporation in 1792 showed how completely it was under the control of the patron, Rev. Leonard Holmes (formerly Troughear) who had inherited it from his maternal uncle Thomas Holmes†, Baron Holmes [I], in 1764. Holmes had not been seriously challenged since 1768, but there was a domestic contest in 1784 and his nominees in 1790 both attended their election, as well as paying £4,200 each for the honour. By February 1794 both Members for Newport, as well as Holmes’s nominee for Yarmouth, having deserted opposition for government, two church livings applied for by a relative of Holmes were granted by the lord chancellor at the Duke of Portland’s request ‘in reward of his uniform support of them’ and to the indignation of friends of longer standing such as Thomas Orde*, governor of the Isle.1
Holmes, who continued to sell the seats, was made an Irish peer in 1798. At this time Lord Bolton, whose family had been patrons of Newport earlier in the century, informed Pitt’s private secretary apropos of the war effort:
The corporation of Newport have been excited to a pretended intention of giving £500 but it was necessary to borrow the money and give security. Lord Holmes and Dr Worsley his son-in-law refused to give the security although they secured above £8,000 for the last sale of the seats, which they had stolen from government.2
On Holmes’s death without male issue in 1804, his elder daughter Elizabeth’s husband, Rev. Sir Henry Worsley, who took the additional name of Holmes, became patron. The seats were still sold—Lord Moira procured Sir John Doyle’s in 1806—to friends of government, though Worsley Holmes had to be placated with island patronage, of which he expected a large share on Lord Bolton’s death in 1807.3 In 1809 he returned his son, who succeeded him in 1811. Sir Leonard was pestered by the Marquess Wellesley in 1812 to return friends of his, which he did at Yarmouth, but at Newport he returned his brother with himself. After his brother’s death he returned first his father-in-law and later friends of government. He no longer wished his seats to be ‘at market’.4 There was no sign of opposition.
Author: R. G. Thorne
- 1. Boroughs, i. 288-9; B. Connell, Whig Peer, 208; Portland mss PwF9236, 9253; Kent AO, Stanhope mss 730/9, Orde to Pitt, 4 Mar. 1794.
- 2. HMC 12th Report (9), p. 372.
- 3. Fortescue mss, Moira to Grenville, 22 Oct. 1806; NLS mss 3795, ff. 173, 177; Campbell Preston mss bdle. 117, Campbell to Fremantle, 2 Feb. 1807.
- 4. PRO 30/29/8/5, f. 644; Add. 38261, f. 281.