STEWARD, Gabriel (1731-92), of Nottington, Weymouth, Dorset.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1754-1790, ed. L. Namier, J. Brooke., 1964
Available from Boydell and Brewer



10 June 1778 - 1780
30 Nov. 1780 - Mar. 1786
27 Dec. 1788 - 1790

Family and Education

b. Apr. 1731, 1st s. of Gabriel Steward by his w. Sarah Wrangham.1  m. bef. 1766, Rebecca, da. and coh. of Richard Tucker of Weymouth, 4s. 3da.

Offices Held

Paymaster of the marines 1779- d.


Steward’s family was ‘of Scotch extraction and resided in the early part of the eighteenth century at St. Helena, but subsequently settled at Weymouth’.2 He himself, as he told the House of Commons on 19 July 1784, had served the East India Company ‘in several situations, some of them of considerable rank in India, during fifteen years’.3 The English Chronicle in 1781 described him as ‘an East India captain’.

In 1778 Steward was returned for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis in place of his wife’s uncle John Tucker who controlled three seats there. That control passed to Steward on Tucker’s death on 9 Oct. 1779, and he also succeeded to Tucker’s lucrative post of paymaster of the marines, which he retained by placing his parliamentary interest at the Treasury’s disposal and by voting regularly with each successive Administration. In 1780 the unexpected dissolution of Parliament found Steward as mayor and returning officer, and therefore ineligible to stand. As a stop-gap he returned Warren Lisle, an aged relation of his wife, who resigned as soon as Steward’s term of office finished. Steward’s election expenses of £500 seem to have been paid by the Treasury.4 In 1786 he vacated his seat to accommodate an Administration candidate, George Jackson, but came in again in 1788 when Jackson resigned in order to contest Colchester. Only one speech by Steward is reported: he said in the debate on Pitt’s East India bill on 19 July 1784 that ‘he was not used to public speaking but could not help saying a few words’, and recalling his service with the Company declared:5

He could not accuse himself of having ever been guilty of the smallest peculation; but he had much rather have a charge of that kind established against him, than of having ever committed oppression, tyranny, or injustice on any of the natives ... He declared his approbation of a judicature so constituted as that about to take place if the bill passed.

In 1790 Steward sold his property at Weymouth for £30,000 to Sir William (Johnstone) Pulteney, henceforth patron of the borough.

He died 9 Jan. 1792.

Ref Volumes: 1754-1790

Author: Mary M. Drummond


  • 1. Burke, L.G. (1849); Hutchins, Dorset, ii. 481 states that he was the son of Chas. Steward by his w. Mary.
  • 2. Hutchins.
  • 3. Debrett, iii. 180-1.
  • 4. HMC 10th Rep. VI. 49.
  • 5. Stockdale, iii. 180-1.