PHIPPS, Hon. Henry (1755-1831), of Mulgrave Castle, Yorks.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1754-1790, ed. L. Namier, J. Brooke., 1964
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1784 - 1790
1790 - 13 Aug. 1794

Family and Education

b. 14 Feb. 1755, 3rd s. of Constantine, 1st Baron Mulgrave [I], and bro. of Hon. Charles and Hon. Constantine John Phipps.  educ. Eton 1767-71; M. Temple 1772.  m. 20 Oct. 1795, Martha Sophia, da. of Christopher Thompson Maling of West Herrington, co. Dur., 4s. 5da.  suc. bro. as 3rd Baron Mulgrave [I] 10 Oct. 1792; cr. Baron Mulgrave [GB] 13 Aug. 1794; Earl of Mulgrave [UK] 7 Sept. 1812.

Offices Held

Ensign 1 Ft. Gds. 1775, lt. and capt. 1778; maj. 85 Ft. 1779; lt.-col. 88 Ft. 1780, 45 Ft. 1782; capt. 1 Ft. Gds. and lt.-col. 1783; col. army 1790, 31 Ft. 1793- d.; maj.-gen. 1794; gov. Scarborough castle 1796- d.; lt.-gen. 1801; gen. 1809.

P.C. 6 June 1804; chancellor of duchy of Lancaster 1804-5; sec. of state for foreign affairs Jan. 1805-Feb. 1806; first ld. of Admiralty Apr. 1807-Apr. 1810; master-gen. of the Ordnance 1810-18; ld. lt. Yorks. (E. Riding) 1807-24.


Phipps saw active service in America and the West Indies during the war of American independence. In 1784 he was returned as an Administration candidate on the Buller interest at Totnes. In Parliament he constantly supported Pitt. He spoke on a variety of subjects, but military affairs were his favourite theme, and he was always a ready advocate for the army.

He died 7 Apr. 1831.

Ref Volumes: 1754-1790

Author: I. R. Christie