HAWKE, Martin Bladen (1744-1805), of Scarthingwell Hall, Yorks.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1754-1790, ed. L. Namier, J. Brooke., 1964
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1768 - 1774

Family and Education

b. 20 Apr. 1744, 1st s. of Sir Edward Hawke.  educ. Eton 1754-6; Queen’s Oxf. 1764; L. Inn 1766.  m. 6 Feb. 1771, Cassandra, da. of Sir Edward Turner, 2nd Bt., 2s. 4da.  suc. fa. as 2nd Baron Hawke 17 Oct. 1781.

Offices Held


In 1768 Hawke was returned on the Admiralty interest for Saltash, and generally voted with Administration. He spoke several times in the House, and on a motion to inquire into the state of the nation, 9 Jan. 1770, ‘gave the characters of the Opposition, describing them to be factious and ambitious’.1 In a long speech on the motion about half-pay naval captains, 9 Feb. 1773, he dwelt on the difficulties and dangers of life at sea and voted against Administration, appearing in the King’s list of the division as a friend for once voting in opposition. During the examination of papers and witnesses on the St. Vincent expedition, 12 Feb. 1773, Hawke queried the advisability of campaigning at that time of year, and asked about the number of deaths resulting from the expedition. He voted against Administration on Grenville’s Act, 25 Feb. 1774, and was classed by Robinson in September 1774 as ‘doubtful’. He contested York at the next general election, but was defeated.

He died 27 Mar. 1805.

Ref Volumes: 1754-1790

Author: Mary M. Drummond


  • 1. Cavendish’s ‘Debates’, Egerton 3711, p. 12.