GOUGH, Sir Henry, 1st Bt. (1709-74), of Edgbaston, Warws.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1715-1754, ed. R. Sedgwick, 1970
Available from Boydell and Brewer



25 Jan. 1732 - 1734
1734 - 1741

Family and Education

b. 9 Mar. 1709, 1st surv. s. of Sir Richard Gough. educ. Corpus Christi, Camb. 1725; M. Temple 1725. m. (1) Catherine (d. 22 June 1740), da. of Sir John Harpur, 4th Bt., of Calke, Derbys., s.p.; (2) 2 July 1741, Jane Barbara, da. and in her issue h. of Reynolds Calthorpe of Elvetham, Hants, niece of Talbot Yelverton, 1st Earl of Sussex, and gd.-da. of Henry, 1st Visct. de Longueville, 3s. 3da. suc. fa. 1728. cr. Bt. 6 Apr. 1728.

Offices Held

Director, E.I. Co. 1735-51.


An East India merchant, Gough was first returned to Parliament on the government interest at Totnes, voting for the excise bill. Soon after succeeding his father he bought two more burgages at Bramber,1 giving him control of the borough, for which he thenceforth nominated both Members. Returned for Bramber in 1734, he continued to vote with the Government. In 1741 he retired in favour of his neighbour, Thomas Archer, to whom he subsequently leased the Bramber seats,2 retaining the management of the borough in his own hands.

He died 8 June 1774.

Ref Volumes: 1715-1754

Author: Shirley Matthews


  • 1. 'A State of... Bramber', Lowndes mss, West Sussex RO.
  • 2. Namier, Structure, 144.