DECKER, Sir Matthew, 1st Bt. (1679-1749), of Richmond, Surr.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1715-1754, ed. R. Sedgwick, 1970
Available from Boydell and Brewer



17 Dec. 1719 - 1722

Family and Education

b. 1679, s. of Derick Decker of Amsterdam by his w. Katherina. educ. Amsterdam. m. bef. 1711, Henrietta, da. of Rev. Richard Watkins, D.D., rector of Whichford, Warws., 1s. 3da. cr. Bt. 20 July 1716.

Offices Held

Director, E.I. Co. 1713-43, dep. gov. 1720-1, 1729-30, gov. 1725-6, 1730-3, chairman 1725, 1730-2; gov. South Sea Co. 1711-12; assistant, R. African Co. 1720; sheriff, Surr. 1728-9.


Sir Matthew Decker, a wealthy banker of Dutch origin, came to England soon after 1700. Under Queen Anne he corresponded with Harley on Dutch affairs.1 He owed his election at Bishop’s Castle to his client, the Duke of Chandos, with whom he had had dealings when Chandos was paymaster, buying pictures and tapestries for him in the Low Countries.2 In 1721 Chandos reported that Decker ‘hath had enough of it’,3 i.e. of Parliament. He died 18 Mar. 1749, leaving the bulk of his fortune to his only surviving daughter, who had married the 6th Viscount Fitzwilliam.4

Ref Volumes: 1715-1754

Author: J. B. Lawson


  • 1. HMC Portland, iv. 655; v. 111 and passim.
  • 2. C. H. & C. Baker, James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, 51n, 74, 92.
  • 3. To Maurice Pugh, 20 Dec. 1721, Chandos letter bks.
  • 4. Gent. Mag. 1749, p. 141; PCC 102 Lisle.