ROLT, Edward (c.1686-1722), of Sacombe Park, Herts.; Harrowby, Lincs.; and Spye Park, nr. Chippenham, Wilts.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1690-1715, ed. D. Hayton, E. Cruickshanks, S. Handley, 2002
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1713 - 1715
1715 - 1722
22 Mar. - 22 Dec. 1722

Family and Education

b. c.1686, o. s. of Sir Thomas Rolt of Sacombe and Harrowby by Mary, da. of Dr Thomas Cox of Christ Church, London, physician in ordinary to Charles II, wid. of Thomas Rolt of Milton Ernest, Beds.; half-bro. of Samuel Rolt*.  educ. Merton, Oxf. matric. 7 Nov. 1701, aged 15; L. Inn 1702.  m. c.1708, Anne, da. of Henry Bayntun†, sis. and h. of John Bayntun of Spye Park, 6s. 2da.  suc. fa. 1710.1

Offices Held


The Rolts were a Bedfordshire family. Rolt’s great-grandfather Edward Rolt (d. 1616) served as recorder of Bedford, and his grandfather married a daughter of (Sir) Oliver Cromwell†, the Protector’s uncle. Rolt’s father entered the service of the East India Company in the factory at Surat, becoming chief in Persia and president of Surat before returning to England in 1682 with a large fortune out of which he purchased Sacombe Park. Returned for St. Mawes in 1713 at the recommendation of Francis Scobell*, Rolt was classed as a Tory in the Worsley list and one other comparison of the 1713 and 1715 Parliaments. His recorded contribution to the 1713 Parliament was slight, though in March and April 1714 he assisted in the management of a bill for the repair of a Wiltshire road. Continuing as a Tory under George I, he died at Bath on 22 Dec. 1722.2

Ref Volumes: 1690-1715

Author: Eveline Cruickshanks


  • 1. The Gen. n.s. xvii. 145–9.
  • 2. Ibid.; The Gen. n.s. iv. 168; Wilts. RO, Ailesbury mss 1300/1437, Samuel Rolt to Ld. Bruce (Charles*), 27 Aug. 1714.