LOCKWOOD, Richard (c.1676-1756), of College Hill, London

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1690-1715, ed. D. Hayton, E. Cruickshanks, S. Handley, 2002
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1713 - 1715
1722 - 1727
1734 - 1741

Family and Education

b. c.1676, o. surv. s. of Richard Lockwood of Gayton, Northants. by Susanna, da. and h. of Edward Cutts of Maldon, Essex.  educ. ?Westminster 1684.  m. by 1713, Matilda, da. of George Vernon I*, sis. of Henry Vernon II*, 5s.  suc. fa. c.1697.1

Offices Held

Gent. of privy chamber 1711–14.2

Asst. Levant Co. 1711, 1713–15; asst. R. African Co. 1720–5, dir. 1726; dir. R. Exchange Assurance 1720, dep. gov. 1732.3


A ‘stranger’ to the borough, Lockwood’s attraction for his partner at Hindon in 1713, Reynolds Calthorpe II*, was presumably the wealth he had accumulated in the Turkey trade. Although he had only recently been given a Household office his politics were at first unclear, at least to the Flying Post, whose account of the election classed him with Calthorpe as a Whig and a ‘patriot’. However, the Tory petition did not challenge his return, and he was himself described as a Tory in the Worsley list. In June 1714 he stood in the ballot for the commission of public accounts, but failed to gain sufficient votes to secure election. On the basis of his tellership on 2 July 1714, on an amendment to the stamp duty bill, he has even been suggested as a likely Jacobite. Defeated at Hindon in 1715, when the Calthorpes opposed him, he topped the poll for London seven years later, and was then considered by the Pretender’s agent to be a Jacobite supporter. He sat again as a Tory in the 1734 Parliament, and died on 30 Aug. 1756, aged 80.4

Ref Volumes: 1690-1715

Author: D. W. Hayton


  • 1. Vis. Essex (Harl. Soc. xiv), 676; Recs. Old Westminsters, ii. 587.
  • 2. N. Carlisle, Gent. Privy Chamber, 215.
  • 3. Info. from Prof. H. G. Horwitz; P. G. M. Dickson, Financial Revol. 117.
  • 4. Hants RO, Jervoise mss, James Harris to Thomas Jervoise*, 30 Oct. 1713; Flying Post, 10–13 Sept. 1713; BL, Verney mss mic. 636/55, William Capps to Ld. Fermanagh (John Verney*), n.d. [18 June 1714]; Szechi thesis, 212, 268.