CAREW, Sir John, 3rd Bt. (1635-92), of Antony, nr. Saltash, Cornw.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1690-1715, ed. D. Hayton, E. Cruickshanks, S. Handley, 2002
Available from Boydell and Brewer



16 May 1661 - Jan. 1679
Mar. 1679 - Mar. 1681
1689 - 1690
1690 - 1 Aug. 1692

Family and Education

bap. 6 Nov. 1635, 3rd but 1st surv. s. of Sir Alexander Carew, 2nd Bt.†, of Antony by Jane, da. of Robert Rolle of Heanton Satchville, Devon; bro. of Richard Carew*.  m. (1) bef. 1664, Sarah (d. 1671), da. of Anthony Hungerford of Blackbourton, Oxon., 2s. d.v.p. 2da.; (2) Elizabeth (d. 1679), da. of Richard Norton I*, 2da. (d.v.p.); (3) by 21 Oct. 1682, Mary (d. 1698), da. of Sir William Morice, 1st Bt.†, of Werrington, Devon, and sis. of Sir Nicholas Morice, 2nd Bt.*, 2s. 1da.  suc. fa. 23 Dec. 1644, bro. Richard 1691.1

Offices Held

Stannator, Penwith and Kerrier 1686.2

Sheriff, Cornw. 8–24 Nov. 1688.

Commr. drowned lands 1690.3


Carew, who had been a Presbyterian and an Exclusionist, was returned for Saltash in 1690, and classed as a Whig by the Marquess of Carmarthen (Sir Thomas Osborne†), and in April 1691 as a Country supporter by Robert Harley*. In June 1690 Carew petitioned for a renewal of a lease under the duchy of Cornwall of Trematon Castle in Saltash, which was then in his possession, but which expired in 1692. Although an extension was granted in May 1692, Carew had not taken it out at his death and with his executors unwilling to undertake the burden of upkeeping ‘an old ruinous building’, it reverted to the crown. In March 1692, together with the Earls of Bath and Radnor (Charles Bodvile Robartes†), Hugh Boscawen I* and other Cornish gentlemen, he subscribed £70,000 to build two ships to trade from Cornwall to India independently of the East India Company, under a grant from Charles I. Dying on 1 Aug. 1692, Carew was buried at Antony on the 6th. In his will, made in ‘perfect’ health on 29 Oct. 1691, he left £100 to be invested by Saltash corporation for the use of the poor. He left his estate at Antony to his wife, and in case she should die before his children came of age (as in fact she did), their custody and education was entrusted to the three surviving trustees of his post-nuptial marriage settlement of October 1682, namely Boscawen, Jonathan Rashleigh* and Nicholas Morice†, who were also made custodians of his lands in Devon and Cornwall to raise £3,000 apiece for his younger children. Gertrude and William. He was succeeded by his sons in turn, Sir Richard, 4th Bt. (d. 1703), and Sir William, 5th Bt.*4

Ref Volumes: 1690-1715

Authors: Eveline Cruickshanks / Stuart Handley


  • 1. Vivian, Vis. Devon, 142–3; The Gen. xxiv. 23; PCC 220 Fane.
  • 2. J. Tregoning, Laws of the Stannaries, 57.
  • 3. Cal. Treas. Bks. ix. 794.
  • 4. Ibid. 587, 1632; x. 209; Luttrell, Brief Relation, ii. 375; Trans. Plymouth Inst. ix. 293; PCC 103 Ash, 220 Fane.