SPEKE, Sir Hugh, 1st Bt. (c.1619-61), of Hazelbury, Box, Wilts.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer



10 July - 15 July 1661

Family and Education

b. c.1619, 3rd but 1st surv. s. of George Speke of Hazelbury by Margaret, da. of William Tempest of Somerton, Oxon. educ. Douai 1636. m. 26 Jan. 1650, Anne (d. 13 Jan. 1686), da. and h. of John Mayney of Staplehurst, Kent, wid. of Thomas Croke of Studley, Oxon., 2s. 1da. suc. fa. 1656; cr. Bt. 12 June 1660.1

Offices Held

Capt. of militia ft. Wilts. Apr. 1660, j.p. July 1660-d., commr. for assessment Aug. 1660-d.2

Gent. of the privy chamber (extraordinary) July 1660, (ordinary) 1661-d.3


Speke came from a cadet branch of the Somerset family that acquired Hazelbury in 1602. The family connexions were entirely Roman Catholic, and Speke was educated at Douai, where his uncle Francis had entered the novitiate some years earlier. Speke’s mother and sister were presented as recusants in 1644, but his father was a man of discretion who preserved his estates by his prudence throughout the Civil War. Speke also conformed, and married ‘a rigid sectarist’, related to the leading puritan families of Buckinghamshire, who brought him a substantial estate in Kent.4

At the Restoration Speke obtained a baronetcy and a place at Court. He was involved in a double return for Chippenham, five miles from his residence, at the general election of 1661. The rival candidates were originally seated on the merits of the return, but the election was declared void, and at the ensuing by-election Speke was successful. But he died five days later, probably before taking his seat.5

Ref Volumes: 1660-1690

Authors: Irene Cassidy / Basil Duke Henning


  • 1. Bucks. Par. Reg. v. 2.
  • 2. Merc. Pub. 12 Apr. 1660.
  • 3. LC3/2; Carlisle, Privy Chamber, 172.
  • 4. G. J. Kidston, Manor of Hazelbury, 191-8, 235-9; CSP Dom. July-Sept. 1683, p. 212.
  • 5. Bath mss, Thynne pprs. 10, f. 108; CJ, viii. 253.