POLE, John (1649-1708), of Shute, Devon.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, ed. B.D. Henning, 1983
Available from Boydell and Brewer



Dec. 1701
21 Jan. 1707 - 13 Mar. 1708

Family and Education

b. 17 June 1649, 1st s. of Sir Courtenay Pole, 2nd Bt. m. c.1666 (with £4,000) Anne, da. of William Morice I of Werrington, 3s. 1da. suc. fa. as 3rd Bt. c. Apr. 1695.1

Offices Held

Commr. for assessment, Devon 1673-80, 1689-90, Dorset 1690, customs frauds, Lyme Regis 1678; dep. lt. Devon 1680-July 1688, Oct. 1688-d., col. of militia ft. 1680-July 1688, 1690-d.; freeman, Lyme Regis 1680; aid. Honiton 1685-7; mayor 1685; commr. for rebels’ estates, Devon 1686, j.p. 1689-d., foreman of grand jury 1701.2


Pole was returned for Lyme Regis in 1685 as a court supporter, but left no record of his activities in James II’s Parliament. He was named mayor of Honiton by the King to secure the return of Sir Thomas Putt; the other Member for that borough was Pole’s cousin Edmund Walrond. In 1687 he gave the same evasive answers to the questions on the repeal of the Test Act and Penal Laws as his father, and apparently adhered to them, for he was deprived of local office. He was one of the first western gentlemen reported as joining William of Orange (17 Nov. 1688), and he was re-elected in 1689. Nevertheless he voted to agree with the Lords that the throne was not vacant. His only committee in the Convention was on the bill to naturalize Schomberg, and he probably missed the division on the disabling clause in the bill to restore corporations since he obtained leave of absence on 13 Dec. He lost his seat at the general election, but remained a Tory. He died and was buried at Colyton. He was succeeded by his son William, who sat for various west country constituencies between 1701 and 1734.3

Ref Volumes: 1660-1690

Author: John. P. Ferris


  • 1. Vivian, Vis. Devon, 604; GEC Baronetage, ii. 58; Carew Pole mss PS24/26.
  • 2. Cal. Treas. Bks. v. 1109; viii. 546; Lyme Regis mss B6/11, f. 32; SP29/413/136; CSP Dom. 1685, p. 70; PC2/72, p. 535; Trans. Devon Assoc. lxvi. 254; Luttrell, v. 88; Carew Pole mss PO33/9.
  • 3. G. Farquharson, Hist. Honiton, 37-38; Trans. Devon Assoc. xxxix. 264-5; CJ, ix. 736; Luttrell, i. 477.