HYDE (HIDE), Lawrence (c.1610-82), of Hinton Daubney, Catherington, Hants.
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Family and Education
b. c.1610, 3rd but 2nd surv. s. of Sir Nicholas Hyde†, l.c.j.K.b. 1627-31, of Marlborough, Wilts. and Hinton Daubney by Maria, da. of Arthur Swayne of Sarson, Amport, Hants. educ. M. Temple 1629, called 1637. m. c. 1652, Alice, da. of Sir John Glanville†, Speaker of the House of Commons Apr.-May 1640, of Broad Hinton, Wilts., 2s. 2da. suc. bro. Arthur 1654.1
J.p. Hants July 1660-d., commr. for assessment Aug. 1660-80; freeman, Winchester Sept. 1660, Portsmouth 1668; capt. of militia ft. Hants Nov. 1660-d., commr. for corporations 1662-3, loyal and indigent officers 1662, oyer and terminer, Western circuit 1665; dep. lt. Hants ?1676-d.2
Hyde’s father, a strong upholder of the prerogative, sat for Old Sarum in 1597 and bought Hinton Daubney in 1604. Hyde’s career before succeeding to the estate, valued at about £750 p.a., is obscure. He was educated for the bar, like his father; but he was described as ‘clerk’ when captured with the Dorset clubmen in 1645, and a few months later, when arrested as a royalist suspect in Southwark, he called himself a merchant. He compounded in 1649 lest he ‘might be questioned for something said or done in the first war’, and was fined £93. After the battle of Worcester, he helped Lord Wilmot in the escape of Charles II.3
Hyde’s election for Winchester was no doubt a compliment to his cousin, Lord Chancellor Clarendon. His career in the Cavalier Parliament overlaps that of Clarendon’s son, his namesake, but he was probably inactive. He was listed by Lord Wharton as a friend in 1661. He may have served on 44 committees, most of them before his cousin came of age, including those on the security and uniformity bills, and on four private bills prompted by the marquess of Winchester and the bishop of the diocese. Both the cousins were appointed to consider the bills against pluralities and the sale of offices in 1663, and listed as court dependants in 1664. Hyde was not mentioned in the court party lists of 1669-71, but received the government whip in 1675. On the working lists he was to be managed by his cousin and Henry Coventry, and he was noted as a government supporter by Sir Richard Wiseman. Shaftesbury marked him ‘doubly vile’, and according to A Seasonable Argument he was ‘a constant court dinner man’. He was included in the opposition list of the ‘unanimous club’, and did not stand again, dying in September 1682. None of his descendants sat in Parliament.4
Ref Volumes: 1660-1690
Author: Paula Watson
- 1. Wilts. Vis. Peds. (Harl. Soc. cv), 100; Wilts. N. and Q. vi. 344; VCH Hants, iii. 96-97; C. J. Hyde, Hundred of Bosmere, 152.
- 2. Cal. Treas. Bks. i. 82; CSP Dom. 1679-80, p. 61; Winchester corp. assembly bk. 4, f. 142; R. East, Portsmouth Recs. 169, 359.
- 3. VCH Hants, iii. 96-100; Som. and Dorset N. and Q. viii. 437; Cal. Comm. Comp. 1184; Cal. Comm. Adv. Money, 961-2; SP23/212/616, 230/226; A. Fea, Flight of the King, 166, 169.
- 4. PCC 224 Fane; Rylands Lib. Eng. mss.