TYRINGHAM, John (d.1416), of Hinwick, Beds. and Tyringham, Bucks.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993
Available from Boydell and Brewer



Family and Education

s. and h. of Sir John Tyringham (d. by 1404), of Tyringham and Morinsbury by his w. Alice (d. aft. 1416). m. Eleanor (d. Jan. 1416), da. of Sir Laurence Pavenham of Pavenham, Beds., by his 2nd w. Joan, poss. da. of Sir Giles Daubeny (d.1386), of South Ingleby, Lincs., and South Petherton, Beds., sis. and coh. of John Pavenham (d.s.p.1407), 1s.1

Offices Held

Commr. of array, Bucks. Oct. 1403.


Save for his return to Parliament in 1393, nothing is known of Tyringham until he was appointed to his one and only royal commission ten years later, at about the time of his father’s death. Despite his sizeable estates and apparent standing in Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire, he does not appear subsequently to have played an active part in local affairs. Besides property in the borough of Bedford itself, his inheritance included the Bedfordshire manors of Morinsbury (which in 1405 he leased to the prior of Newnham for 44 years) and Farndish (which in 1408 was settled on his feoffees), the manor of Tyringham in Buckinghamshire, and the manors of Hatton, Panton and Westbarkworth in Lincolnshire. On 6 Dec. 1407, following the death of his brother-in-law, a minor in royal custody, Tyringham secured a writ of livery of his wife’s pourparty of the Pavenham estates, her share being the manor and advowson of Hinwick in Bedfordshire, together with more scattered holdings in Kent and Northamptonshire.2

Tyringham and his wife both died in January 1416, when their son, John, was five years old. The latter’s wardship and the custody of his estates were farmed out to two crown servants, who later complained that Tyringham’s trustees, including Sir John Keynes, had despoiled and exploited the boy’s inheritance to their own profit.3

Ref Volumes: 1386-1421

Author: C.R.


  • 1. VCH Bucks. iv. 483; C138/12/35; CFR, xiii. 88; CP, iv. 97.
  • 2. VCH Beds. iii. 212a; CP25(1)6/74/28; Bedford Town Hall, DDX 67/54; C138/12/35; CFR, xiii. 88-90.
  • 3. C138/12/35; C1/5/75.