FENNINGHAM, William, of East Grinstead and Waldron, Suss.
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Family and Education
m. by 1422, Joan, wid. of John Clerkson of Suss.1
Fenningham made regular appearances as an attorney in suits of novel disseisin heard at the Sussex assizes held at East Grinstead and Lewes from 1410 onwards, on one occasion receiving a brief from John Woghere*. Early on in his career he made the acquaintance of John Halle II*, a more prominent member of the legal profession, with whom he was to keep in close touch until Halle’s death. In July 1411 he stood surety at the Exchequer on his colleague’s behalf. He was steadily building up a practice in the central courts. For example, in the Easter term of 1422 he was engaged as an attorney by John Reyson (the bailiff of Brede, Sussex, for Sir John Cornwall and his wife, Henry IV’s sister) to defend him in the court of common pleas in a case of illegal distraint and detinue. During the following Michaelmas term (which coincinded with Fenningham’s second Parliament) he acted in a plea of debt brought by a man from Greenwich, for Cornwall himself in a suit for damages of £40 against a farmer from Horsted Keynes, and on his own behalf in an action against five husbandmen of Seaford and its locality, each of whom allegedly owed him £2.2 At an unknown date during Henry V’s reign Fenningham and his wife Joan had sued Walter Pound, an ironmonger of London, for the sum of £22 owing to the estate of Joan’s former husband; and before October 1426 he also brought an action for trespass against a groom from Cranbrook, Kent.
Fenningham attended the shire court held at Chichester for the Sussex elections to the Parliament of 1429. His reputation in the county was growing; three different boroughs returned him as their parliamentary representative in the 1430s. During the same decade he was also much preoccupied with the affairs of John Halle, both as a trustee of his manorial holdings and as an executor of his will.3 Another indication of success in his chosen profession is Fenningham’s emergence as a landowner in east Sussex, where he purchased property at Arlington and Chiddingly, and took up residence at Waldron. His landed interests at Hellingly (where Halle had lived), included property held as a fooffee-to-uses for Richard Aumbres. Fenningham once more attested the electoral indenture for the knights of the shire in 1442; and it was as ‘gentleman’ that in 1447 he provided securities at the Exchequer for John Faconer. His prosperity evidently excited enmity: during Cade’s rebellion of 1450 his house at Waldron was plundered of precious stones and other valuables, and he himself was held to ransom.4 He is not recorded thereafter.
Ref Volumes: 1386-1421
Authors: L. S. Woodger / J. S. Roskell
- 1. CPR, 1422-9, p. 373.
- 2. JUST 1/1521 m. 41d, 1528 mm. 34, 35d, 1532 m. 10; CFR, xiii. 245; CP40/647 mm. 53, 122, 141; Yr. Bk. 1 Hen. VI (Selden Soc. 1), 31.
- 3. CPR, 1422-9, pp. 367, 373; C219/14/1; Reg. Chichele, ii. 500; CP25(1)241/86/8, 33.
- 4. CP25(1)241/87/12, 88/26; C219/15/2; CFR, xviii. 66; CCR, 1447-54, p. 348; W.H. Hills, Hist. East Grinstead, 24-25.