BIXLEY, John (d.1425), of Norwich, Norf.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993
Available from Boydell and Brewer



May 1413
Oct. 1416

Family and Education

poss. s. of John Bixley (fl. 1396), of Norwich, merchant.1 m. 1da.

Offices Held

Sheriff, Norwich, Mich. 1408-9; mayor May 1414-15.2

Commr. of inquiry, Norwich Jan. 1414 (illegal congregations and riots).

Tax collector, Norwich Nov. 1416.


Bixley was admitted as a freeman of Norwich in 1400-1, and set up in business as a mercer. He is recorded making shipments of cloth through Great Yarmouth, and, in 1416, as suing a Yarmouth merchant for debt.3 His property holdings were concentrated in the parish of St. Gregory, where he owned a number of messuages. In April 1414 he joined with several other citizens in purchasing, from Henry Limner’s* widow, a large house in the parish of St. Peter Mancroft, for which they undertook to pay 200 marks in instalments. About five years later, he and others brought a suit in Chancery against a local skinner for building a chimney which had proved a nuisance.4

Bixley’s involvement in civic affairs followed a typical pattern, beginning with a term of office as sheriff and including, in February 1414, attendance, apparently as a member of the mayor’s council, at an important meeting of the assembly in the guildhall for the promulgation of new ordinances for the government of the city. The procedure followed at the subsequent mayoral elections is well documented: on 30 Apr. the council of 80 nominated two candidates (Bixley being one) from whom the outgoing mayor, the sheriffs and the council of 24 were to make their choice of a mayor for the coming year; and it was Bixley whom they chose. During his mayoralty he was party to the electoral indenture for the Parliament of 1414 (Nov.). He attested the parliamentary indentures of 1417 and 1420, as one of the few citizens named doing so. Although he is not known to have had many dealings with property outside the city, he was associated in 1418 with the archdeacon of Norwich and Walter Eaton*, the former recorder, as a patron of the living at Morley in Norfolk.5

Bixley was still living at the end of September 1425, but died within a month, for in October his daughter Margaret, wife of Thomas Whytwell of Felmingham, sold the property in St. Gregory’s parish which had fallen to her by inheritance. Many years later, in 1467, Robert Toppes , one of Bixley’s executors, was to ask that prayers be said in the church of St. Peter Mancroft for the souls of Bixley and his wife.6

Ref Volumes: 1386-1421

Author: L. S. Woodger


Variants: Biskele, Byskele.

  • 1. Norf. RO, Norwich enrolments, 15 m. 24. That John had been admitted as a freeman in 1374: Cal. Freemen Norwich ed. Rye, 15.
  • 2. Norf. Official Lists ed. Le Strange, 99-100.
  • 3. Cal. Freemen Norwich, 15; E122/150/2; CPR, 1416-22, p. 23.
  • 4. Norwich enrolments, 17 m. 3d, 18 mm. 5, 6; C1/5/195.
  • 5. Recs. Norwich ed. Hudson and Tingey, i. 273, 276; C219/11/4, 12/2, 4; F. Blomefield, Norf. ii. 480.
  • 6. Norwich enrolments, 18 mm. 5, 6; Blomefield, iv. 213.