TOLLEMACHE, Frederick James (1804-1888), of Ham House, Surr. and 1 Hyde Park Place, Mdx.
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Family and Educationb. 16 Apr. 1804, 5th s. of Sir William Manners† (afterwards Talmash), 1st bt., Lord Huntingtower (d. 1833), of Buckminster Park, Leics. and Catherine Rebecca, da. of Francis Grey of Lehena, co. Cork; bro. of Felix Thomas Tollemache* and Lionel William John Tollemache*. educ. Harrow 1811. m. (1) 26 Aug. 1831, Sarah (d. 3 Jan. 1835), da. of Robert Bomford of Rahinstown, co. Meath, 1 da. d.v.p.; (2) 4 Sept. 1847, Isabella, da. of George Gordon Forbes of Ham, 1 da. d. 2 July 1888.
One of Lord Huntingtower’s four sons who sought a seat at Grantham in this period, Tollemache, ‘a very tall and uncommonly handsome young man’, was the only one to succeed.1 His father, who also had influence at Ilchester, headed the Blue party at Grantham, but had been unable to secure a seat there since 1812, as a result of the predominance of the Red party, headed by Lord Brownlow, and the determined opposition of some independent freemen. Shortly before the 1826 general election, one of the sitting Members, Sir Montague Cholmeley, announced his retirement, creating an unexpected opening, for which Tollemache came forward with good prospects of success, 5 June, it being noted by the press that the feeling of the freemen towards his family was now ‘so different ... to that which some time ago existed in the town’. At the nomination Tollemache described himself as ‘an enemy to Catholic emancipation’ and ‘hoped that no further pledge of political conduct would be required’. After a severe four-day contest against two other Tories he was returned in first place.2
He presented a Lincolnshire petition for agricultural relief, 20 Feb. 1827.3 Thereafter, his parliamentary record is difficult to distinguish from that of his brothers (especially Felix), who were seated for Ilchester on petition, 22 Feb. He may have voted for the spring guns bill, 23 Mar. Either he or Felix divided against the corn bill, 2 Apr. He voted against the disfranchisement of Penryn, 28 May, and was probably the Tollemache who divided for the election expenses bill that day, and the grant to improve Canadian water communications, 12 June 1827, against repeal of the Test Acts, 26 Feb., and inquiry into chancery delays, 24 Apr. 1828. He voted against Catholic claims, 12 May. Either he or Felix voted for the usury laws amendment bill, 19 June, and one of the brothers voted with ministers against ordnance reductions, 4 July, amendments to the corporate funds bill, 10 July, and for the customs bill, 14 July 1828. In early February 1829 Planta, the Wellington ministry’s patronage secretary, predicted that he would vote ‘with government’ for their concession of Catholic emancipation, and he was probably the ‘F. Tollemache’ who divided thus, 6, 30 Mar. On 26 Mar. he presented a Newton petition against Catholic claims, but noted that when it was signed the government’s proposals were not known. ‘If they had been’, he declared
they would have petitioned not against them, but in their favour. For my own part I have twice voted against Catholic claims, but I have since felt it right to come to a different conclusion, and shall accordingly now give a different vote on the question, as I consider that the fullest securities are given for the Protestant establishment by the disfranchisement of the 40s. freeholders ... By that wholesome measure, the priests and the Catholic Association are deprived of that tremendous power which for some time past they have exercised over the population of Ireland.
Either he or Felix divided for the issue of a new writ for East Retford, 2 June 1829, and against the transfer of its seats to Birmingham, 11 Feb. 1830. One of them voted against Jewish emancipation, 5 Apr., 17 May, and for abolition of the death penalty for forgery, 24 May, 7 June 1830.