JOHNSTONE HOPE, Sir William (1766-1831).

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1820-1832, ed. D.R. Fisher, 2009
Available from Cambridge University Press

Constituency

Dates

22 May 1800 - 1802
8 Nov. 1804 - 1830

Family and Education

b. 16 Aug. 1766, 3rd s. of John Hope† (d. 1785) of Cragiehall, Linlithgow and Mary, da. of Eliab Breton of Forty Hill, Enfield, Mdx.; bro. of Charles Hope†. educ. Edinburgh h.s. 1774-6. m. (1) 8 July 1792, Lady Anne Hope Johnstone (d. 28 Aug. 1818), da. of James, 3rd earl of Hopetoun [S], 4s. 2da.; (2) 30 Oct. 1821, Maria, da. of Sir John Eden†, 4th bt., of West Auckland, co. Dur., wid. of Frederik Willem, 6th earl of Athlone [I], s.p. Took name of Johnstone before Hope after 1st m. KCB 2 Jan. 1815; GCB 4 Oct. 1825. d. 2 May 1831.

Offices Held

Entered RN 1777, lt. 1782, cdr. 1790, acting capt. 1790, capt. 1794; col. marines 1811-12; r.-adm. 1812; c.-in-c. Leith 1813, 1816-18; v.-adm. 1819.

Ld. of admiralty Apr. 1807-Mar. 1809, Mar. 1820-May 1827; member of ld. high admiral’s council May 1827-Mar. 1828; treas. Greenwich Hosp. 1828, commr. 1829-30; PC 24 Nov. 1830.

Biography

In March 1820 Johnstone Hope, a war hero and veteran Melvillite Scottish Member, was appointed to a place at the admiralty board, at £1,000 a year, in Lord Liverpool’s ministry, under the 2nd Viscount Melville. At the general election he was returned unopposed for Dumfriesshire, where he had sat for 15 years on his own and the Buccleuch interest; he came in for the seventh time in 1826.1 He could of course be relied on to vote with his colleagues when present, but he was evidently not an assiduous attender: for example, he paired against the opposition censure motion on the Queen Caroline affair, 6 Feb. 1821, and his only known vote in the 1824 session was a paired one in defence of the prosecution of the Methodist missionary John Smith in Demerara, 11 June 1824. He was absent from the division of 28 Feb. 1821 on Catholic relief, but paired against it, 30 Apr. 1822, 1 Mar., 10 May 1825, 6 Mar. 1827. On 8 May 1821 he denied that the Dumfriesshire petition against the Scottish juries bill had been factiously got up; and he presented the county’s petition against interference with the Scottish banking system, 8 Mar. 1826.2

When the duke of Clarence was made lord high admiral after Melville’s resignation with the Tory ministers who would not serve in Canning’s ministry in April 1827, he asked Johnstone Hope to remain as one of his council, despite their ‘violent quarrel’ in the service in 1787, which had ‘not [been] made up for ten years’.3 He did so, but Canning subsequently vetoed as ‘quite impossible’ his ‘pretension to be made a privy councillor’, not least because he had recently ‘waived his seniority ... by leaving the chief management in the hands’ of Sir George Cockburn*.4 He divided against repeal of the Test Acts, 26 Feb. 1828. A week later, on the recommendation of Clarence, which was endorsed by the new premier, the duke of Wellington, he was made treasurer of Greenwich Hospital at £800 a year.5 Quietly re-elected for Dumfriesshire, he divided against Catholic relief, 12 May, and with government on the ordnance estimates, 4 July 1828. Wellington had by then turned down Clarence’s request for Johnstone Hope to be made a privy councillor.6 He voted against the concession of Catholic emancipation, 6, 18, and (as a pair) 30 Mar., and presented hostile petitions, 12 Mar. 1829. Two months later his office was abolished by statute and he was named as the first of the new commissioners responsible for managing the hospital’s affairs and property, at a salary of £800 a year and with the promise of a new house near Greenwich Park.7 He presented petitions for the imposition of a duty on West Indian rum equivalent to that levied on Scottish spirits, 14 May 1830. On 12 July 1830 he told his eldest son John James Hope Johnstone, owner of the